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6 components of integrated pest management

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Overuse of chemical pesticides has led to issues like pesticide resistance, outbreaks of previously suppressed pests and environmental contamination. Integrated pest management (IPM) evolved as a response to these problems.

Here are the six components of IPM and how each of them helps make pest control more sustainable.

1. Prevention
Preventing pest problems eliminates the need to take further action. For instance, storing wood in a dry place off the ground prevents carpenter ants from taking up residence near crops.

Such measures may also mitigate the severity of any pest problems that do arise, which means less money spent on potentially harmful pesticides.


2. Identification
Because IPM relies on sustainable measures that target specific pests, it’s important to clearly identify the cause of an emerging problem.

Using broad-spectrum pesticides may be quicker, but in addition to causing problems down the line, they’re unlikely to be effective.

3. Monitoring
Many IPM techniques rely on timing. Knowing when a pest’s natural predators are more active makes complementary control methods more effective.

Regular inspections also let you know when a pest population is growing and where nests are located.

In cases where chemical pesticides are needed, close monitoring will increase their efficiency.

4. Assessment
You may not always need to take action against pests. For instance, clover is considered a pest by some growers, but others appreciate the plant’s contributions to soil fertility. Determining your damage threshold makes resource management easier.

5. Planning
IPM relies on synchronizing various methods of pest control, including:

• Cultural preventive methods such as introducing resistant varieties, pruning strategically and altering plant nutrition

• Physical methods such as putting up barriers, placing screens and using mulches

• Biological controls such as introducing beneficial organisms, predatory species and microbial controls

• Pesticides chosen for compatibility with other methods

The best strategy largely depends on the particular type of pest you’re dealing with.

6. Evaluation
Follow-up monitoring is a crucial part of pest management. Identify what worked and what didn’t and keep records for future reference.

Adopting sustainable pest control methods is a good way to avoid pesticide overuse as well as inefficient resource usage.

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Eight tips for a safe holiday season

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1. De-ice outdoor steps and walkways
To prevent holiday guests from slipping, falling, and injuring themselves while walking to your front door, clear snow and ice from your walkway, stairs, and porch. Using anti-slip products like sand, road salt, and stair covers is also a good idea.

2. Protect your pets
There are many hazards your pets may be exposed to during the holidays. Beware of candles, decorations, poisonous plants, and human foods that could make them sick. Additionally, keep pets away from the front door during the festivities.

3. Take care of your teeth
Around Christmas, candy canes, cookies, chocolates, and other sweet treats are routinely available. To prevent cavities, maintain a flawless dental hygiene routine. Be sure to brush your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes and floss daily.

4. Focus on eating a balanced diet
Overeating several days in a row can cause bloating, stomach aches, and fatigue. Opt for healthy and nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains in between decadent holiday meals.

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5. Protect your home while you’re away
Break-ins frequently occur during the holiday season. If you plan to leave town for a few days, make sure your home looks lived in while you’re away. Put your lights on timers, keep a vehicle in the driveway and arrange to have your walkway cleared of snow. Additionally, consider installing a security system.

6. Put together a car emergency kit
Before driving to and from holiday celebrations, make sure you put together a car emergency kit with essentials like jumper cables, traction aids, a shovel, and a full jug of windshield washer fluid. Additionally, schedule an inspection with a mechanic to ensure your vehicle can safely handle winter road conditions.

7. Take steps to reduce the risk of a fire
To avoid accidentally starting a house fire during the holiday season, keep all flammable objects away from heat sources. Moreover, ensure your portable fire extinguisher is in good condition and your smoke alarms are working. Never leave lit candles unattended.

8. Be prepared to treat minor ailments
The holiday season can be hectic. To mitigate discomforts caused by overindulging or not getting enough sleep, stock up on over-the-counter products like pain relievers and antacids in advance. This will allow you to enjoy every celebration to the fullest.

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What you should know about young caregivers

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Not all caregivers are adults. In fact, as many as 1.4 million children in the United States between the ages of eight and 18 are caregivers. Providing support for a sick or disabled family member is a difficult and demanding job. Moreover, if a parent becomes incapacitated, many minors will also shoulder the responsibility of raising their siblings.

They face difficulties
Dealing with the obligations of being a caregiver while attending school can be challenging. Young people often aren’t seen as caregivers, forcing them to face numerous obstacles alone and in silence. Many become physically, mentally, and emotionally drained, making it difficult for them to concentrate in class. Additionally, engaging with their peers can feel overwhelming.

They need support
It’s important to support young caregivers as much as possible. If you know a young person caring for a family member, here are a few things you can do:

• Discuss the situation with their teachers
• Lend a hand with school assignments
• Arrange for them to have help at home


When supported by those around them, young caregivers can feel empowered and avoid burnout.

 

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10 gift ideas for your Christmas exchange

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Organizing a gift exchange is a great way to kick off the holidays. However, it can be difficult to buy the perfect gift when you don’t know who will receive it. This is especially true if your group has folks of various ages. Here are a few things that will please most people.

1. An insulated water bottle or coffee mug

2. A locally made spirit, beer, or wine

3. A unisex beanie or scarf in a neutral color


4. Nut-free chocolates

5. A recently released board game

6. A warm, cozy blanket

7. A nice set of wine glasses

8. A set of reusable straws that includes a cleaning brush

9. A sturdy apron with several pockets

10. A wrist or cell phone strap

If necessary, ask the gift exchange participants what they like so you can buy an item related to their common interests.

 

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Five excellent reasons to visit a Christmas market

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Every December, Christmas markets start popping up in towns across the country. Here are five great reasons to visit one in your area.

1. To find holiday gifts
Christmas markets are a great place to go if you’re looking for unique items for your friends and family members. You can find an assortment of handmade toys, crafts, baked goods, jewelry, and more.

2. To discover new products
Christmas markets typically gather hundreds of vendors in one place. If you decide to attend, you’re sure to discover new products to try.

3. To support local makers
If you want to support the artisans and producers in your region, visit your nearest Christmas market. By buying locally made goods, you’ll help stimulate your region’s economy.


4. To stock up on needed items
Christmas markets typically feature a wide range of exhibitors, so you won’t have to visit multiple stores to find everything you need for the holidays. You can load up on gourmet foods, handcrafted soaps, unique clothes, Christmas decorations, and much more.

5. To enjoy complimentary entertainment
Christmas markets frequently provide free entertainment. You may be able to enjoy a play, concert, or food tasting. In many cases, children’s activities are also offered. You can even bring the whole family and make a day of it.

This year, find out about the Christmas markets in your area and schedule a time to visit them.

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December Celebrity Birthdays!

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Do you share a birthday with a celebrity?

Susan Lucci, 73, actress (All My Children), Westchester, NY, 1949. Mingle MediaTV, CC BY-SA 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

 

1 – Bette Midler, 77, singer, actress, Paterson, NJ, 1945.

2 – Nelly Furtado, 44, singer, Victoria, BC, Canada, 1978.


3 – Daryl Hannah, 61, actress, Chicago, IL, 1961.

4 – Jay-Z, 53, rapper, and music executive, born Shawn Corey Carter,t Brooklyn, NY, 1969.

5 – Margaret Cho, 54, actress (All-American Girl), comedienne, San Francisco, CA, 1968.

6 – Janine Turner, 60, actress (Northern Exposure), Lincoln, NE, 1962.

7 – C. Thomas Howell, 56, actor, Los Angeles, CA, 1966.

8 – Dominic Monaghan, 46, actor (Lord of the Rings), Berlin, Germany, 1976.

9 – Judi Dench, 88, actress, York, England, 1934.

10 – Melissa Roxburgh, 30, actress (Manifest), Vancouver, BC, Canada, 1992.

11 – Gary Dourdan, 56, actor, Philadelphia, PA, 1966.

12 – Sheila E, 63, singer, born Sheila Escovedo, San Francisco, CA, 1959.

13 – Emma Corrin, 27, actress, Royal Tunbridge Wells, England, 1995.

14 – Vanessa Hudgens, 34, actress (Spring Breakers), Salinas, CA, 1988.

15 – Adam Brody, 43, actor (The O.C.), San Diego, CA, 1979.

16 – Theo James, 38, actor (Divergent), born Theo Taptiklis, Oxford, England, Dec 16, 1984.

17 – Sean Patrick Thomas, 52, actor, Wilmington, DE, 1970.

18 – Billie Eilish, 21, singer, born Billie Eilish Pirate Baird O’Connell, Los Angeles, CA, 2001.

19 – Kristy Swanson, 53, actress, Mission Viejo, CA, 1969.

20 – Uri Geller, 76, psychic, clairvoyant, Tel Aviv, Israel, 1946.

21 – Kiefer Sutherland, 56, actor, London, England, 1966.

22 – Ralph Fiennes, 60, actor, Suffolk, England, 1962.

23 – Susan Lucci, 73, actress (All My Children), Westchester, NY, 1949.

24 – Louis Tomlinson, 31, singer (One Direction), Louis Austin at Doncaster, England, 1991.

25 – Rachel Keller, 30, actress (Fargo), St. Paul, MN, 1992.

26 – Beth Behrs, 37, actress (Two Broke Girls), Lancaster, PA,1985.

27 – Olivia Cooke, 29, actress, Manchester, England, 1993.

28 – John Legend, 44, singer, born John Stephens, Springfield, OH, 1978.

29 – Iain De Caestecker, 35, actor (Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.), Glasgow, Scotland, 1987.

30 – V, 27, singer (BTS), born Kim Tae-hyung, Daegu, South Korea, 1995.

31 – Tim Matheson, 74, actor (Bonanza), Los Angeles, CA, 1948.

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How to become an early childhood educator

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If you love working with children and want to contribute to your community, consider becoming an early childhood educator. High school graduates, retirees returning to the workforce, and anyone seeking a new profession may want to pursue this career path. After all, these experts are in demand.

A skilled professional
Early childhood educators are often misunderstood. They’re not babysitters; they’re hard-working, qualified individuals who are responsible for the following:

• Creating educational programs to promote children’s development
• Assessing the abilities, interests, and needs of toddlers
• Preparing various documents, including evaluation reports
• Helping children develop good habits

There are a number of university and college programs you can take to acquire the skills you need to pursue this profession. In some cases, scholar¬ships and work-study programs may be available.


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“Can’t Feel At Home” @ Court Square Theater
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"Can't Feel At Home" @ Court Square Theater
“Can’t Feel At Home” an original play by Dr John T Glick. The story of families displaced from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the 1930’s to allow for the construction of Shenandoah National Park and[...]
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Christmas Tree Sales @ Royal Plaza Shopping Center
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Christmas Tree Sales @ Royal Plaza Shopping Center
Kickoff for tree sales — Boy Scout Troop 52 is ready to help you find that perfect tree. We are located at the Royal Plaza in front of Rural King. We will be selling trees[...]
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Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
Dec 7 @ 6:30 pm – 9:30 pm
Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
Bingo to support the American Cancer Society mission, organized by Relay For Life of Front Royal. Every Wednesday evening Early Bird Bingo at 6:30 p.m. Regular Bingo from 7-9:30 p.m. Food and refreshments available More[...]
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10:00 am 10th Virginia Infantry Encampment @ Sky Meadows State Park
10th Virginia Infantry Encampment @ Sky Meadows State Park
Dec 10 @ 10:00 am – 4:00 pm
10th Virginia Infantry Encampment @ Sky Meadows State Park
Historic Area Journey back in time and immerse yourself in the sights, sounds and smells of a Civil War Encampment during the holidays. Interact with the 10th VA Infantry, also known as the Valley Guards,[...]
4:00 pm Paint Night @ Living Water Christian Church
Paint Night @ Living Water Christian Church
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Paint Night @ Living Water Christian Church
The Living Water Christian Church is hosting a paint night on December 10, 2022, from 4pm-6:30pm. The cost is $40.00 per painting with award winning artist Kelly Walker. This is open to the public but[...]
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6:30 pm Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
Dec 14 @ 6:30 pm – 9:30 pm
Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
Bingo to support the American Cancer Society mission, organized by Relay For Life of Front Royal. Every Wednesday evening Early Bird Bingo at 6:30 p.m. Regular Bingo from 7-9:30 p.m. Food and refreshments available More[...]
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6:30 pm Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
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Front Royal Wednesday Night Bingo @ Front Royal Volunteer Fire Deptartment
Bingo to support the American Cancer Society mission, organized by Relay For Life of Front Royal. Every Wednesday evening Early Bird Bingo at 6:30 p.m. Regular Bingo from 7-9:30 p.m. Food and refreshments available More[...]