Overuse of chemical pesticides has led to issues like pesticide resistance, outbreaks of previously suppressed pests and environmental contamination. Integrated pest management (IPM) evolved as a response to these problems.
Here are the six components of IPM and how each of them helps make pest control more sustainable.
Such measures may also mitigate the severity of any pest problems that do arise, which means less money spent on potentially harmful pesticides.
Because IPM relies on sustainable measures that target specific pests, it’s important to clearly identify the cause of an emerging problem.
Using broad-spectrum pesticides may be quicker, but in addition to causing problems down the line, they’re unlikely to be effective.
Many IPM techniques rely on timing. Knowing when a pest’s natural predators are more active makes complementary control methods more effective.
Regular inspections also let you know when a pest population is growing and where nests are located.
In cases where chemical pesticides are needed, close monitoring will increase their efficiency.
You may not always need to take action against pests. For instance, clover is considered a pest by some growers, but others appreciate the plant’s contributions to soil fertility. Determining your damage threshold makes resource management easier.
IPM relies on synchronizing various methods of pest control, including:
• Cultural preventive methods such as introducing resistant varieties, pruning strategically and altering plant nutrition
• Physical methods such as putting up barriers, placing screens and using mulches
• Biological controls such as introducing beneficial organisms, predatory species and microbial controls
• Pesticides chosen for compatibility with other methods
The best strategy largely depends on the particular type of pest you’re dealing with.
Follow-up monitoring is a crucial part of pest management. Identify what worked and what didn’t and keep records for future reference.
Adopting sustainable pest control methods is a good way to avoid pesticide overuse as well as inefficient resource usage.
3 reasons to visit a barber
Have you ever wondered what it would be like to sit in a barber’s chair and get an old-fashioned hair cut? Here are three good reasons to give it a try.
1. Superior style
A good barber is a true expert and will make sure to trim your hair and beard so that the style suits your build and features perfectly. By going to a pro, you’ll avoid razor burn, nicks and uneven cuts.
2. Professional advice
Visiting a barber also means getting professional advice. Whatever style you opt for, they’ll be able to tell you how you should brush, moisturize and maintain your hair. If you’re trying to fix a patchy beard, your barber can give you some tips to stimulate growth or better style your facial hair.
3. A range of services
Don’t underestimate the importance of an eyebrow trim. It can structure your features and complete your look. Some barber shops also offer skin care, massages and other services.
Finally, remember that barber shops often sell specialized, hard-to-find products to help you maintain your hair and beard. Don’t hesitate to ask them if they have the product you’re looking for.
Boredom can be a good thing
When we were younger and complained of being bored, our parents told us to go outside and play. Find something to do. Figure it out.
Now? Many of us grab our phones to text a friend, check email, see how many Likes we got on our latest photo. And boredom is averted.
But is that a good thing? Probably not.
Boredom and its oft-related cousin, daydreaming, may serve a very important purpose in our brain, allowing it to rest while also sorting out the thornier issues of our lives. Creativity is born from mind-wandering, and it’s not just the artsy kind — engineers and tech folks can find solutions when they loosen their hold.
A recent story on Medium pointed out that most of the studies on the neuroscience of daydreaming have only been done within the past 10 years. But those studies have been enlightening.
When our brains wander, neuroscientists discovered, they use the “default mode.” Brain-imaging technology has found that the brain is still extraordinarily active in this mode, however. The medial temporal lobe, medial prefrontal cortex, and the posterior cingulate cortex are active.
For the non-neuroscientists among us, that means our organizing and understanding of things is hard at work. Reflection, which leads to insight, can better take place.
It’s why we step away from the laptop and get an ah-ha moment when out for a walk, or wake up in the morning with fresh ideas (albeit after a cup or two of coffee).
So maybe the next time we hear that cringeworthy, “I’m booored” from the next room, we can smile and think, “Good.”
November Celebrity Birthdays!
Do you share a birthday with a celebrity?
1 – Penn Badgley, 33, actor, Baltimore, MD, 1986.
2 – Shere Hite, 77, researcher on sexual behavior, St. Joseph, MO, 1942.
3 – Kendall Jenner, 24, television personality, Los Angeles, CA, 1995.
4 – Markie Post, 69, actress (Chicago P.D.), Palo Alto, CA, 1950.
5 – Kevin Jonas, 32, singer, Teaneck, NJ, 1987.
6 – Sally Field, 73, actress, Pasadena, CA, 1946.
7 – Lorde, 23, singer, born Ella Marija Lani Yelich-O’Connor, Takapuna, New Zealand, 1996.
8 – Norman Lloyd, 105, actor (St. Elsewhere), director, Jersey City, NJ, 1914.
9 – Nikki Blonsky, 31, actress (Hairspray), Great Neck, NY, 1988.
10 – Hugh Bonneville, 56, actor (Downton Abbey), London, England, 1963.
11 – Jon Batiste, 33, musician, Kenner, LA, 1986.
12 – Neil Young, 74, singer, Toronto, ON, Canada, 1945.
13 – Dana Vollmer, 32, Olympic swimmer, Syracuse, NY, 1987.
14 – Prince Charles, 71, Prince of Wales, heir to the British throne, London, England, 1948.
15 – Karl-Anthony Towns, 24, basketball player, Edison, NJ, 1995.
16 – Lisa Bonet, 52, actress (The Cosby Show), San Francisco, CA, 1967.
17 – Rachel McAdams, 41, actress (Sherlock Holmes), London, ON, Canada, 1978.
18 – Brenda Vaccaro, 80, actress (The Goodbye People), Brooklyn, NY, 1939.
19 – Patrick Kane, 31, hockey player, Buffalo, NY, 1988.
20 – Estelle Parsons, 92, actress (Oscar for Bonnie and Clyde), Marblehead, MA, 1927.
21 – Carly Rae Jepsen, 34, singer, Mission, BC, Canada, 1985.
22 – Guion S. Bluford, Jr, 77, astronaut, West Philadelphia, PA, 1942.
23 – Nicole “Snooki” Polizzi, 32, television personality, Santiago, Chile, 1987.
24 – Brad Sherwood, 55, comedian, actor (Whose Line Is It Anyway?), Chicago, IL, 1964.
25 – Katie Cassidy, 33, actress (Melrose Place), Los Angeles, CA, 1986.
26 – Tina Turner, 81, singer, Anna Mae Bullock, Nutbush, TN, 1938.
27 – Jaleel White, 43, actor (Family Matters), Los Angeles, CA, 1976.
28 – Berry Gordy, Jr, 90, record and motion picture executive (cofounder of Motown), Detroit, MI, 1929.
29 – Lucas Black, 37, actor (NCIS: New Orleans), Speake, AL, 1982.
30 – Joan Ganz Cooney, 90, creator of Sesame Street, Phoenix, AZ, 1929.
Honoring Native American veterans
Native Americans have a long history of serving in our military. Since the Civil War, they’ve taken part in armed conflicts as U.S. soldiers. In fact, the terms of surrender between the North and South were written by Ely S. Parker, one of two American Indians to reach the rank of brigadier general during the Civil War.
Earlier this year, the United States Government announced the construction of a $15 million memorial celebrating Native American service members and veterans in Washington, D.C. In honor of Veterans Day on November 11, here are some of their achievements.
World War II
In addition, Native American code talkers played a crucial role in the war effort. Native soldiers formed telephone squads and together they used their native languages to craft coded messages. In fact, the United States asked soldiers from a variety of tribes to develop secret combat communication systems. Their codes were never broken.
Over 31,000 Native Americans serve in the Armed Forces today. They continue to be active in the military, serving all around the world.
After 9/11, a large number of newly enrolled soldiers were Native Americans.
Approximately 140,000 veterans alive today are Native American.
This Veterans Day, take a moment to remember the long-standing involvement of Native Americans in our nation’s military history.
The vet of tomorrow: no longer white and male
As the U.S. military undergoes significant demographic shifts, so too does the veteran population. In honor of Veterans Day, celebrated every year on November 11, here are some facts about the future of American veterans.
More veterans are women
According to the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the proportion of female veterans will almost double by 2043, from nine percent to 17 percent. In the wake of increased enrollment following the events of 9/11, women are actually the fastest growing group of veterans. They face particular challenges when trying to adjust to civilian life, many of which aren’t addressed by existing resources.
The average age of veterans is changing
Currently, people aged 50 to 69 make up 42 percent of the veteran population. By 2043, however, the proportion of veterans under the age of 50 will increase considerably, as will the number of those over the age of 70. This means that the services offered to veterans will need to accommodate the needs of a more diverse population in terms of age.
Veterans are becoming more ethnically diverse
As the U.S. military becomes more diverse, it’s expected that the veteran population will exhibit the same trend. The proportion of non-Hispanic white veterans is likely to fall to 64 percent in 2043 from 78 percent in 2013.
Since non-White veterans are disproportionately affected by issues such as homelessness and lack of access to resources, it’ll be important for the United States Department of Veterans Affairs to work with community leaders to help ensure their well-being.
Veterans of all genders, ages and ethnicity have sacrificed a lot to keep our country safe. On November 11, take a moment to thank them for their service.
9 myths about hospice and palliative care debunked
In recognition of National Hospice and Palliative Care Month, here are 9 myths about these two types of medical care.
1. Myth: Hospice and palliative care are exclusively about controlling pain.
Fact: While pain management is an important aspect of palliative and hospice care, treatment programs also include psychological, social, practical and spiritual support.
2. Myth: My condition isn’t serious enough to warrant palliative care.
Fact: Palliative care isn’t just for those facing a terminal diagnosis. Most people with life-limiting illnesses can benefit from it.
3. Myth: My doctor hasn’t recommended hospice or palliative care, so I don’t need it.
Fact: Patients who think they might benefit from hospice or palliative care should bring up the topic with their doctor.
4. Myth: I can’t access palliative care without a hospice.
Fact: Palliative care can be provided at home, in the hospital, at a hospice and in long-term care facilities.
5. Myth: If I receive palliative care, it means my life is over.
Fact: The goal of palliative care is to improve patients’ quality of life during every stage of their disease. Many continue to receive curative treatment in conjunction with palliative care.
6. Myth: I’m too young for hospice and/or palliative care.
Fact: People of all ages can benefit from hospice and palliative care.
7. Myth: I shouldn’t talk about dying with my loved ones — it’s too upsetting.
Fact: Addressing your end of life wishes and any advanced medical directives will save your loved ones a lot of stress and uncertainty down the road.
8. Myth: Palliative care is only for people who are at the end of their life.
Fact: This type of care can help patients from the time they’re diagnosed right up till the very end.
9. Myth: Children don’t need hospice or palliative care.
Fact: Palliative and hospice care are given on the basis of need. Everyone should receive the care appropriate for their condition, age and level of understanding.
Dealing with a chronic or terminal illness is challenging, but you don’t have to go through it alone. Hospice and palliative care are available and can provide you with the physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual help you require to manage your disease.