The Town of Front Royal Department of Public Works proudly announces the 2021 Annual Water Quality Report (aka Consumer Confidence Report). This report demonstrates the Town’s commitment to providing the highest quality water to our customers.
In 2021, the Town’s tap water met all of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Commonwealth of Virginia drinking water health standards.
This report provides customers with an overview of how tap water reaches your home or business, testing results for your water, and important information concerning your drinking water.
This is the 2021 ANNUAL WATER QUALITY REPORT from the Town of Front Royal
Once again, the Town of Front Royal provides you with our annual water quality report. This edition covers all testing completed from January 1 through December 31, 2021. We are pleased to inform you that our compliance with all state and federal drinking water laws remains exemplary.
As always, we are committed to delivering the best quality drinking water to you. To that end, we remain vigilant in meeting the challenges of source water protection, water conservation, and community education while continuing to serve the needs of all of our water users.
Where does our water come from?
The Town draws surface water from three sources: the South Fork of the Shenandoah River, Happy Creek, and Sloan Creek. Our Treatment facility produces drinking water that is supplied to you through the Town’s water distribution system.
How is our water treated?
Treatment begins with oxidation with the addition of sodium permanganate to the raw water, followed by coagulation through the addition of Poly Aluminum Chloride, which causes the small particles in the water to adhere to one another and grow in size. Flocculation occurs next to slowly mixing the water causing the particles to grow even larger. The water then passes into settling basins where the larger particles settle at the bottom of the basins. Sand and anthracite filters finish the removal of the particles not removed by settling. Before distribution, water is disinfected by UV and chlorine, and lime is added for corrosion control. Finally, fluoride is added to the water for dental protection.
How is our water tested?
Our Water Treatment Plant (WTP) operators conduct approximately 100 tests each day to ensure the quality of our drinking water. The water is tested for chlorine, pH, turbidity, alkalinity, hardness, and fluoride. Thank you for your interest in our water. If you have any questions about your drinking water, please contact:
Michael Kisner, WTP Manager, at (540) 636-7474 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Source Water Assessments
Source water assessments for the Town of Front Royal were completed by the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) on March 2, 2018. These assessments determined that the Town’s three water sources may be susceptible to contamination because they are surface waters exposed to a wide array of contaminants at varying concentrations. Changing hydrologic, hydraulic, and atmospheric conditions promote the migration of these contaminants from land-use activities on concern within the assessment areas. More specific information can be obtained by contacting the Town Water Treatment Plant (540) 636-7474.
Last year your tap water met all U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and state drinking water health standards. The Town vigilantly safeguards its water supplies and we are proud to report that our system has not violated a maximum contaminant level or any other water quality standard.
Cryptosporidium is a microbial pathogen found in surface water throughout the U.S. Although filtration removes cryptosporidium, the most commonly-used filtration methods cannot guarantee 100 percent removal. Our monitoring indicates the presence of these organisms in our source water. Current test methods do not allow us to determine if the organisms are dead or if they are capable of causing disease. Ingestion of cryptosporidium may cause cryptosporidiosis, an abdominal infection. Symptoms of infection include nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Most healthy individuals can overcome the disease within a few weeks. However, immune-compromised people are at greater risk of developing a life-threatening illnesses. We encourage immune-compromised individuals to consult their doctor regarding appropriate precautions to take to avoid infection. Cryptosporidium must be ingested to cause disease, and it may be spread through means other than drinking water.
Important Health Information
Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, organ transplant patients, HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorder patients, some elderly, and infants may be particularly at risk from infections and should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. The US EPA/CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791.
Lead in Drinking Water
If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from components associated with service lines and home plumbing. The Town of Front Royal is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.
PROUDLY PRESENTED BY TOWN OF FRONT ROYAL DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS
PWS ID # 2187406
- AL (Action Level): The concentration of a contaminant that, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements that a water system must follow.
- MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment
- MCLG (Maximum Contaminant Level Goal): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.
- MRDL (Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level): The highest level of disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that the addition of a disinfectant is necessary for
control of microbial contaminants.
- MRDLG (Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal): The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the
benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.
- NA: Not applicable
- NTU (Nephelometric Turbidity Unit): A measure of the clarity of water; Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person.
- pCi/L (picocuries per liter): A measure of radioactivity.
- ppb (parts per billion): One part substance per billion parts water (or micrograms per liter).
- ppm (parts per million): One part substance per million parts water (or milligrams per liter).
- TT (treatment technique): A required process intended to reduce the level of contaminants in drinking water.
In 2021, we have taken numerous samples in order to determine the presence of several substances. The table below shows a summary of these test results where contaminant levels were detected.
Many contaminants have been analyzed but were not present or below detectible limits. We feel it is important that you know exactly what and how much of a contaminant was present in the water.
The state allows us to monitor for certain substances less than once per year because the concentrations of these substances do not change frequently. In these cases, the most recent sample data are included, along with the year in which the sample was taken.
Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) are set at very stringent levels by the US Environmental Protection Agency. In developing the standards, EPA assumes that the average adult drinks 2 liters of water each day over a 70-year life span. EPA generally sets MCLs at levels that will result in no adverse effects for some contaminants or a one-in-ten-thousand to one-in-one-million chance of having the described health effect for other contaminants.
Town Notice: Mandatory Water Conservation
The Town of Front Royal has observed that as of September 15, 2023, the daily stream flow rate of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River is above 240 cubic feet per second (cfs), but below 340 cubic feet per second (cfs). Emergency Water conservation lifted, and mandatory water conservation is effective September 15, 2023.
The Town’s permit for water withdrawal from the river issued by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality stipulates certain river flow rates require various conservation measures.
As a result of the river flow and to be in compliance with the issued withdrawal permit, all users of the Town of Front Royal’s municipal water system are advised to continue to observe mandatory water conservation efforts.
During periods of mandatory water conservation, all users of the Front Royal municipal water system shall be prohibited from the following:
1. The watering of shrubbery, trees, lawns, grass, plants, or any other vegetation from Town water supplies (except indoor plantings, greenhouse and commercial nursery stocks, and new plantings less than one-year-old) between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.
2. The outdoor washing of automobiles, trucks, trailers, boats, airplanes, or other types of mobile equipment, except in a commercial vehicle wash facility.
3. The washing of private streets, driveways, parking lots, service station grounds, or other paved outdoor surfaces.
4. The operation of any ornamental fountains unless the water is recycled. Municipal ornamental fountains shall be cleaned and closed within two (2) days of the mandatory water conservation restriction declaration.
5. The filling of swimming and/or wading pools, except that filled pools may be topped off to maintain the appropriate levels for use.
Violation of any of these mandatory water conservation activities can be punished by a fine of up to $1000 per offense committed. In addition, each day that a violation occurs can be punished as a separate offense. Water users are urged to comply with these efforts.
Water users are requested to continue to reduce water usage through various other water conservation measures, including the following:
1. Serving drinking water in restaurants only upon patron request.
2. Operating only fully loaded dishwashers and clothes washing machines.
3. Take short showers instead of baths.
4. Turn off the tap while shaving or brushing your teeth.
5. Use two basins when washing dishes by hand, one for washing and one for rinsing, rather than letting the tap run.
6. Reduce all non-essential water usage.
7. Repair or replace all water fixtures with reduced flow fixtures.
Conserving water will not only assist during this drought period but will also save consumers money on their utility bills.
Thank you for your assistance in conserving our water resources during this low river flow period. Please monitor your local media sources for future reports of water conservation efforts in the Town of Front Royal.
If you have any questions about this mandatory water restriction, please contact the Town’s Water Treatment Plant at (540) 636-7474.
Bowman Park Closures Announced Amid Essential Tree Mitigation Efforts
September 12-13 Set for Maintenance by Timber Works Tree Care.
The idyllic Bowman Park, located on Luray Avenue, next to St. John the Baptist Roman Catholic Church, a favorite among Front Royal locals and tourists, will see its gates closed on September 12 and 13, 2023. The closure is a necessary move following Town Arborist Jim Osborn’s findings, revealing that several trees within the park precincts were posing significant hazards to public safety.
The inspection, initiated by a complaint, led Osborn to identify various trees in critical conditions, jeopardizing the well-being of park-goers. Grasping the gravity of the issue, the Town of Front Royal swiftly roped in Timber Works Tree Care. As experts in tree care and maintenance, Timber Works will lead the mitigation operations. Both Osborn and another ISA Certified Arborist from Timber Works will be meticulously monitoring the project to ensure optimum outcomes.
Multiple trees are slated for removal. A prominent White Oak, with a diameter of 55″ at breast height (dbh), carries the scars of a lightning strike from a decade ago. This injury led to interior decay and brown rot, thereby weakening its structure. Another White Oak, standing at 44″ dbh, displays over 25% crown decline, a phenomenon known as “Oak Decline.” This condition, documented since 2019 by the University of Maryland, stems from multiple factors, including soil compaction, water runoff, and diminished organic matter. A Burr Oak, measuring 38″ dbh, showing the toll of multiple lead damages over time, will also be removed due to its deteriorating state.
In addition to the removals, the park will witness hazard reduction procedures on two White Oaks, sized 53″ dbh and 47″ dbh. This involves the pruning of branches larger than 2″ in diameter to enhance tree health and minimize risks.
Bowman Park’s brief closure ensures that these vital measures are executed without hindrance, maximizing safety for its patrons. For inquiries or concerns about the procedures, Jim Osborn remains accessible to the public. His commitment lies in safeguarding everyone while maintaining the park’s natural allure.
Town Notice: Upcoming Asphalt Repairs Promise Improved Roadways Amid Nighttime Operations
As night blankets the streets of Front Royal, significant improvements are on the horizon. Kickin’ Asphalt, the contractor of the town, gears up to enhance John Marshall Highway’s current condition.
Starting from September 10th to 15th, Front Royal will witness essential asphalt patch repairs on a prime segment of John Marshall Highway. This stretch extends from Biggs Drive to the Town Limits. The nocturnal activities, set to commence each night from 8:00 p.m. and conclude by 6:00 a.m., are deliberately orchestrated to minimize disruption during peak hours.
With safety and smooth traffic flow as key priorities, motorists are advised to remain vigilant. Lane closures are anticipated, and flagger operations will be actively managing the transitions. Signage will guide motorists through the affected areas. As the thrum of machinery fills the nighttime air, the town’s officials urge the community to exercise caution, especially with on-site crew members working diligently through the wee hours.
The impetus behind the repair operations is clear: to offer residents and visitors an enhanced driving experience. A smoother, safer, and more efficient road network is invaluable for any town, reinforcing its commitment to infrastructure, safety, and quality of life.
While the pros of the operation far outweigh the short-term inconvenience, the Town of Front Royal and Kickin’ Asphalt express their sincere apologies to the public. For those with queries or concerns, the Public Works department remains accessible from Monday to Friday, between 7:00 a.m. and 3:30 p.m. After regular hours, the Non-Emergency Police Department stands ready to assist at 540-635-2111.
In a world where rapid urbanization often compromises the quality of our roads, Front Royal’s proactive measures underscore its dedication to its residents. As the hum of the night signals progress, one can’t help but appreciate the town’s vision for a smoother tomorrow.
Front Royal Faces Severe Water Shortages: Emergency Conservation Measures Enacted
Town Mandates Strict Water Use Limitations as Shenandoah River Flow Declines Sharply.
Front Royal is facing a serious water issue. As of September 6, 2023, the daily flow rate of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River has plummeted to below 240 cubic feet per second (cfs). This crucial water source for the community has triggered immediate emergency water conservation measures, as outlined by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ).
The situation’s gravity lies in its suddenness and the immediate potential impact on Front Royal’s municipal water system. The DEQ-issued permit for water withdrawal stipulates that different flow rates necessitate different conservation measures. The alarming drop below 240 cfs means that Front Royal must now enact emergency water conservation rules.
The new rules prohibit various activities, including the use of hoses or sprinklers for watering outdoor vegetation, except for certain exemptions like indoor plantings and commercial nurseries. Also banned is the outdoor washing of vehicles, unless it’s at a commercial wash facility, as well as cleaning of outdoor surfaces and operating ornamental fountains. Filling swimming or wading pools and any residential and recreational outdoor water use is strictly forbidden.
“Non-compliance with these urgent measures could result in a fine of up to $1,000 per offense. Each day a violation continues is treated as a separate offense,” Town Manager Joseph Waltz sternly advises.
Apart from the immediate restrictions, the community is urged to adopt consistent water-saving habits. These include only providing water in restaurants upon customer request, operating dishwashers, and washing machines when fully loaded, favoring short showers over baths, and adopting more efficient dishwashing techniques. Such consistent practices could have a lasting positive impact on the town’s water management system.
The low flow rate of the Shenandoah River serves as an urgent reminder that water, though abundant, is not unlimited. Front Royal’s current predicament is a cautionary tale that calls for both immediate action and long-term sustainable practices. The current situation should encourage other communities to reevaluate their water management strategies to prevent facing similar crises.
For any questions regarding the water conservation measures, residents are advised to contact Front Royal’s Water Treatment Plant at (540) 636-7474.
Tackling Peak Demand: Community Energy Savings Days Gear Up for Tuesday and Wednesday
A Collaborative Step to Alleviate Strain on the Electrical Grid and Combat Climate Change.
As we grapple with the growing demands on our electricity grid and the increasing threats posed by climate change, communities are looking for innovative solutions. One such approach has been set in motion with the announcement of Community Energy Savings Days scheduled for the coming Tuesday and Wednesday. This initiative aims to curtail energy usage during peak hours, which are expected to run from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m., thereby optimizing the electrical grid, reducing energy costs, and mitigating the release of greenhouse gases.
The Why and How of Peak Demand
The electrical grid operates much like any other supply and demand system. When demand surges, typically during the late afternoon and early evening, extra strain is put on the network. Such surges often necessitate the activation of “peaker” power plants, which are generally less efficient and more expensive to run, driving up the cost of electricity for all consumers. These plants also tend to emit higher levels of greenhouse gases, further exacerbating the climate crisis.
With the Community Energy Savings Days, the goal is to encourage residents to minimize electricity usage during these high-demand hours. So, how can you contribute? The suggestions are simple yet effective:
- Close your window blinds or drapes to block out the sun’s heat, allowing your air conditioning to run more efficiently.
- Shift energy-intensive household chores like doing laundry or running the dishwasher to non-peak hours.
- Turn off unnecessary lights and electronics, and unplug items like cell phone chargers and coffee makers that continue to draw power even when not in use.
The push for energy savings isn’t just about enduring a couple of afternoons without your dishwasher running. It’s part of a broader strategy aimed at creating more resilient and sustainable energy systems. “This initiative is a step towards encouraging a more responsible consumption pattern across the community. If we can spread out our demand, we can not only make energy more affordable but also reduce our environmental impact,” said Jane Smith, an energy analyst at the Environmental Protection Agency.
The concept of demand response isn’t new. Companies like Tesla have already made strides in this area with their smart-grid technologies that help balance supply and demand. However, this community-led approach adds a different dimension, emphasizing that collective action can bring about significant change without waiting for top-down directives or technological silver bullets.
As we look for ways to tackle the complex challenges of climate change and energy security, Community Energy Savings Days serve as a reminder that small actions, when multiplied across an entire community, can have a powerful impact. The initiative offers a dual benefit: immediate relief to our strained electrical grids and a long-term reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Whether you view it as a band-aid solution or a stepping stone towards a more sustainable future, the fact remains that every kilowatt saved counts.
Front Royal Faces Water Woes: Urgent Conservation Measures Enforced
Declining Stream Flow Triggers Mandatory Water Restrictions.
The scenic town of Front Royal, often known as the “Canoe Capital of Virginia,” now finds itself grappling with a dwindling water supply. Recent measurements taken on August 23, 2023, have revealed a concerning drop in the daily stream flow rate of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. This flow now stands at a precarious 340 cubic feet per second (cfs), translating to approximately 220 million gallons per day.
The Ebbing Flow and its Implications
Historically, the Shenandoah River has been both a boon and a lifeline for Front Royal, providing for the town’s water needs and supporting a range of recreational activities. The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, in its foresight, established conditions on the Town’s permit for water withdrawal from the river. These stipulations are triggered based on varying river flow rates, leading to different tiers of conservation measures.
Now, with the South Fork’s flow having plunged below the critical threshold, the Town has swiftly acted to enforce these measures to safeguard its precious water resources. The Town Manager, Joseph Waltz, issued an official statement detailing the mandatory water conservation measures and appealing to the townspeople’s collective responsibility.
Dos and Don’ts During This Critical Phase
Residents connected to the Front Royal municipal water system now face stringent rules:
- The watering of shrubbery, trees, lawns, grass, plants, or any other vegetation from Town water supplies (except indoor plantings, greenhouse and commercial nursery stocks, and new plantings less than one-year-old) between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.
- The outdoor washing of automobiles, trucks, trailers, boats, airplanes, or other types of mobile equipment, except in a commercial vehicle wash facility.
- The washing of private streets, driveways, parking lots, service station grounds, or other paved outdoor surfaces.
- The operation of any ornamental fountains, unless the water is recycled. Municipal ornamental fountains shall be cleaned and closed within two (2) days of the mandatory water conservation restriction declaration.
- The filling of swimming and/or wading pools, except that filled pools may be topped off to maintain the appropriate levels for use.
Non-compliance has steep repercussions, with fines reaching up to $1000 per offense. Notably, each day of violation can be counted as a separate offense, amplifying the potential financial blow for repeat offenders.
Yet, the Town’s efforts don’t stop with these mandatory guidelines. In an earnest endeavor to embed a culture of conservation, the community is also urged to adopt voluntary measures. These include practices like only requesting drinking water at restaurants when needed, opting for short showers over baths, and ensuring appliances like dishwashers run at full loads.
Toward a Sustainable Future
While these measures respond to an immediate crisis, their long-term benefits can’t be overlooked. Reduced water usage doesn’t just mitigate the drought’s impacts; it’s also a boon for consumers’ pockets, lowering utility bills.
As Front Royal navigates this challenging period, community cooperation remains paramount. Residents are urged to stay informed via local media about ongoing water conservation efforts and updates.