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County Planning Commission meeting attracts attention with Linden Sheetz proposal



The Warren County Planning Commission met Thursday, November 12 in a holiday-delayed regular monthly meeting. More than 75 citizens were in the audience in anticipation of a discussion of a hotly contested rezoning request at the Interstate 66 intersection at exit 13 in Linden. Despite the public announcement by the planning department that there was not to be a public hearing on the project – yet, the room was abuzz with anticipation for what might be in store.

Unusually large audience for the Planning Commission Meeting. Photos: Stephen Sill


Once the meeting was opened, Chairman Robert Myers firmly set the ground rules for the session – the first of which was a standard prohibition on signs or placards in the meeting. Several signs opposing a rezoning had been placed around the perimeter of the room and were politely removed by the planning staff and placed by the door so the citizens could recover them as they left.

Chairman Myers reminded the attendees that the public hearing for the rezoning was not being held at this meeting – “You’re a month early for that”, and that the audience was not permitted outbursts or responses at any time. The agenda item regarding the Linden Rezoning request was merely the first step in the process- to allow the Planning Commission to advertise a public hearing. The attendees appeared to take the news philosophically, but no one left.

When the meeting agenda had been approved, The chairman opened the floor for public presentations. Despite the large audience, there were no takers. Under the rules of the public presentation, subjects are limited to those issues that are NOT on the meeting agenda.

The commission then turned to the two requests on the agenda that did require public hearings.

A request for a conditional use permit for a chapel by David and Nita Sudlow. The property is located at 6435 Strasburg Road and identified on tax map 9, as lot 48C1. The property is zoned Agricultural (A) and located in the Fork Magisterial District. Planner Matt Wendling explained that the request was to convert an existing accessory structure that is used as a garage and small chapel area for family use into a chapel for use for not more than 49 occupants at any one time. They plan a septic system upgrade and a handicapped-accessible restroom as part of the conversion.
They are working with the Department of Health to develop an Alternative Onsite Sewage system that would replace the existing system. Permission for this was denied by the Department of Health until a permit is obtained from the county for this use. Staff recommended that the public hearing for this permit be recessed until VDOT comments were received and the Department of Health concerns could be settled. The chairman asked if the applicant had any comments or concerns. Mr. Sudlow indicated he was continuing to work with all parties to resolve the issues and had no concern with the recess. Commissioner Henry then made a motion to recess the public hearing on this item until the next meeting, December 9th. Commissioner Longo seconded and the vote was unanimous.

David Sudlow addresses the Planning Commission.


David and Nita Sudlow were also on the agenda for a second conditional use permit, for a guesthouse on the same property. They are proposing to enlarge a converted horse barn they are using as an office and workshop, and they would like to add a bedroom for family and friends to stay in when they visit. Commissioner Henry then offered a motion to recess the hearing for this project along with the other one. Second by Commissioner Kersjes, and the vote was unanimous.

The Commission then turned to the Authorization to Advertise portion of the meeting.

The Commission then heard from the planning staff regarding an authorization to advertise for a public hearing for a project for Dudding Commercial Development, LLC. This request will be to amend the Warren County Zoning Map and rezone approximately six and forty-five hundredths (6.45) +/- acres from Agricultural (A) to Commercial (C). The property is located on Route 79 (Apple Mountain Road) at the corner of Apple Mountain Road and Interstate I-66. Dudding plans to purchase a 15-acre parcel at that site, with the intention of leasing just under six and a half acres of it to Sheetz, Inc to build and operate a filling station and convenience store. The rezoning request is part of a development process that will include site plan approvals, permits, environmental approvals, and Community impact assessment. Jerime Dudding and his project team gave a slide presentation outlining the project for the commissioners and the audience.

Jerime Dudding describes a new Sheetz facility for the Commission and the large audience.


In addition to the C-Store and filling station, The project includes a school bus turnaround and a bus shelter on the site. The representatives for the project described the physical layout of the finished site, discussed security measures being implemented, and described Sheetz as a “good fit” for that site. Representatives of the team described the environmental safeguards such as double-wall underground fuel storage, groundwater systems, and fuel spill procedures.

The Sheetz Director of Real Estate, Michael LaCesa was also present to provide Sheetz’s corporate perspective as anxious to be a good community neighbor and willing to listen to concerns. The team has already met with Apple Mountain HOA and expects to spend a lot more time working with residents to address any concerns or questions they may have. The very thorough presentation may well have alleviated some residents concerns, but the Public hearing will provide plenty of opportunities for every concerned resident to have their say. At the conclusion of the presentation, Commissioner Henry said he would be curious as to what VDOT may have to offer regarding the project, but offered a motion to approve the advertisement for a public hearing. Commissioner Kersjes seconded, and the approval vote was unanimous.

The reaction on the part of the audience was surprisingly muted, but there were certain to be more said when the hearing is held in December.

The commissioners each expressed wishes for a Happy Thanksgiving, and the Director of Planning told the commission that the Chipotle outlet at Riverton is 3-4 weeks away from opening, and the 5 Guys shortly after that.

The chairman then reminded everyone about recognizing veterans this month, make sure all the political signs are down and have a Happy Thanksgiving.

The meeting was adjourned at 8:10 PM

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County supervisors expected to approve extension of 2020 tax payment deadlines at May 18 meeting



Following last week’s authorization to advertise for a public hearing on adoption of an ordinance delaying imposition of penalties and interest on late payment of certain 2020 taxes, the Warren Count Board of Supervisors will hold that public hearing at tomorrow evening’s meeting on Tuesday, May 18.

Due to the shutdown of a good deal of Information Technology (I.T.) systems including departmental and staff emails following the March discovery that Warren County’s software had been “intruded” upon along with other systems across the nation, some tax bills have been late going out. Consequently, upon passage of the ordinance, no penalties or interest will be accrued on the June county tax payment installment until June 22. Impacted taxes include real estate, personal property, machinery & tools, and vehicle license taxes becoming due June 5.

Tomorrow at 7 p.m. to be precise. The tax deadline extension is the first scheduled public hearing slated for a 7:30 p.m. starting time of the Warren County Board of Supervisors, pictured in open session below. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

The Town of Front Royal did not experience the same software “intrusion”. According to its Finance Department, while town taxes will become due by June 1, no penalties or interest are accrued until June 5.

The County has fallen short of terming the I.T. event a hack due to no evidence of the theft or manipulation of data discovered thus far. Since being identified as part of an unauthorized I.T. event across multiple states, the “intrusion” is being investigated at multiple law enforcement levels, including federal and state, across the nation.

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County ponders off-hour citizen misuse of trash convenience sites



While the Warren County Board of Supervisors tries to figure out where it stands with the Town of Front Royal as far as threatened fees to compensate the Town for additional costs tied to direct shipment of treated sewage to the Page County landfill, during its May 11 meeting Public Works Director Mike Berry briefed them over problems with after-hour citizen disposal of trash at County solid waste convenience sites. Also, on the table for discussion, last Tuesday were increased funding needs to adequately staff Chester Gap Fire & Rescue Company 9. See that discussion in a forthcoming related story.

Fortunately perhaps, considering unresolved Town-County solid waste dispute variables including potential back fees the Town may owe the County for avoided commercial sewage disposal fees and the County’s financial contribution to federally and state-mandated upgrades to the Town Wastewater Treatment Plant, neither topic was new to the supervisors. Both have been the subject of at least one previous work session discussion.

County Public Works Director and former Solid Waste Manager Mike Berry summarize the convenience site misuse situation to the county supervisors. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

On the citizen trash disposal side of the agenda, Public Works Director Berry explained that convenience site issues revolved around trash and other large-scale items like furniture being dumped after operational hours. North River Supervisor Delores Oates noted problems she has observed headed to or from church on Sundays with improperly discarded trash at the Cooley site “blowing everywhere and litter everywhere. – And so the community needs to understand that (they) need to be better stewards of the things that are provided to them,” Oates reasoned.

She observed that the so-called trash convenience sites are provided as just that, a “convenience” to county residents. It is a convenience that could be removed if it continues to be abused and was eventually judged too costly a convenience for the County to continue to provide. Alternatives to the convenience sites could be the long haul of residential trash to the Bentonville collection and transfer station; neighborhood contracting of their own trash pickup; or perhaps continued illegal dumping at random, remote locations. None of those would seem a preferable option for county citizens as a whole.

Oates was joined by Board Chair Cullers and Sheriff’s Office Lt. Robbie Seal in suggesting some sort of public relations campaign to raise awareness of the difficulties and additional costs to the County in dealing with the problem. “But they just need to understand that this is important to all of us, that we maintain a clean and beautiful community and not just throw your trash wherever you feel like it,” Oates concluded.

During the discussion, Lt. Seal and the sheriff’s office were commended for increased patrols trying to deter the after-hours dumping. Seal observed that people pulling up before or after hours who saw a marked sheriff’s office vehicle nearby tended to turn around and leave with whatever they had with them.

WCSO Lt. Robbie Seal explains his department’s efforts to stem closed hour dumping at the solid waste convenience sites.

A variety of operational methods were raised to deal with the problem, including longer hours, opening on Wednesday and Sundays when the sites are now closed or operating at reduced hours; alterations to fencing and placement of open containers near or beyond entrances when the sites are closed. However, problems including costs for additional staffing and equipment and installation, overloaded open containers, and bagged trash being tossed over fencing toward containers catching, ripping and adding to the blowing trash and litter problem, were also cited.

Questioned by Fork District Supervisor Archie Fox on costs to keep the sites open seven days a week or for longer hours, Berry estimated $35,000 a year to open Wednesdays, along with additional costs for added site adjustments. To increase Sunday hours from the current 12-noon to 7 p.m., to 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. could add another $16,000 to $20,000, Berry told the board.
Cullers and Shenandoah Supervisor Walt Mabe took the stance that improved services with additional hours and altered facilities as necessary to meet off-hour customer needs as the preferred route. However, Cullers acknowledged problems even on fully operational 7 a.m.-to-7 p.m. days: “Even when we open at 7 (a.m.), my understanding is that there’s stuff piled up there before 7 in the morning, right?”

“Yes,” Berry replied.

Ed Daley, at the staff table at the far end of the room, summarized what he heard of a board consensus in moving forward while trying to stem illegal dumping during off-hours at County convenience sites.

Following a sixteen-minute discussion, Interim County Administrator Ed Daley summarized the apparent board consensus on a path forward:

“So, with the board’s concurrence we’re going to, number one, start opening the gates more, see what that does. If we run into problems then we’ll stop. But we’re going to try it.

“We’re going to look at the fencing like Lt. Seal was talking about – putting ups some more fencing, and also (Assistant County Attorney) Caitlen (Jordan) is working on this signage she said she’ll have for you in June …

“We’ll look at the cost of open containers and where they could be placed …

“And also looking at increasing the Sunday hours, and also Wednesday hours. We’re talking in terms of $50,000 as to what that total would be there.

“So, we will look at all these options in a progressive manner and start moving forward and see if we can get some of this cleaned up,” Daley concluded.

Berry sighted necessary personnel moves to accomplish the desired operational changes related to available hours and shifts, forecasting what he called “not too significant” a hike in those hourly personnel costs. Cullers questioned the public works director on those shifts, asking if there were staff working full 12-hour shifts. Berry replied that those 12-hour days were generally split between two six-hour shifts, other than Sunday when a seven-hour shift was pulled.

And with that discussion resolved, the board moved toward Sheriff Butler’s report on his department’s investigation of stinky treated sewage mixed with Town residential trash being dumped at the Bentonville Transfer Station as reported in our story “Illegal sewage dumping investigation closed with no charges – but is that the end of the story?” The convenience site portion of the meeting begins 39 minutes into the open meeting video right after the EDA Resolution and meeting adjournment and ends around the 61-minute mark.

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At reduced numbers County Planning Commission considers rezoning requests and more storage facilities



The Warren County Planning Commission met Wednesday, May 12th, minus absent commissioner Joe Longo and with a continued vacancy for the seat previously held by Crystal Beall. Supervisor Cheryl Cullers indicates that fill for that vacancy will be voted on by the County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday, May 18th.

Several personnel changes in the Planning Department were also announced at the meeting. Former Zoning Administrator Joe Petty has assumed the position of Director of Planning, formerly held by Taryn Logan, and Matt Wendling has become the Deputy Director of Planning. Ms. Logan, in her new role as Deputy County Administrator, will continue to provide assistance to the planning department, much to the relief of Director Petty.

New County Planning Director Joe Petty looks forward to a challenging future. He removed his mask just long enough for a smiling photo.

There weren’t any public presentations, so Chairman Robert Myers moved into unfinished business from the last meeting on April 14th.

Raymond Ditto had requested a Conditional Use Permit (CUP) for a short-term tourist rental for his residential property at 461 Thunderbird Road in the South River Magisterial District.

Due to the age of the property, The Department of Health had no records for it, and therefore couldn’t determine the allowable occupancy, so the commission tabled the request. The applicant has been working with the staff and the Health Department to complete their records and develop an occupancy limit. So, as not to further delay the approval, the planning staff recommended language in the approval motion to assure that occupancy would not exceed that determined by the health department. The commission then agreed without dissent to forward the application to the Board of Supervisors with a recommendation of approval.

There were four public hearings for the commissioners this month.

Salvador and Josette Barragan have requested a change to the Warren County Zoning map to rezone approximately 1.77 Acres from Residential (R-1) to Agricultural along Mint Springs Road in the Dungadin Subdivision, South River Magisterial District. The applicants want to extend their adjacent agricultural zoned properties to pasture livestock and construct a run-in shed for horses. The commissioners received a letter from the Dungadin, Inc. president, requesting the Board of Supervisors not approve the request, citing concerns over water supply and runoff issues. However, there were also communications from five neighboring property owners supporting the rezoning request. The Commission again voted without dissent to recommend approval of the request to the Board of Supervisors.

Ryan and Kelsey Speers are requesting a Conditional Use Permit for a guest house on their 20.9-acre property at Liberty Hall and Lands Run Roads in the South River District. A “Guest House” is defined by the ordinance as a living unit that is not intended for permanent occupancy and cannot be used for paid guests, as opposed to a short-term tourist rental. The Speers intend to eventually build their permanent residence on the property and will use their guest house for part-time residency until their primary residence is built. The planning staff recommended that in addition to the regular conditions, that a condition will be placed on the deed at the time of transfer to a new owner that rental or leasing of the structure for monetary compensation is prohibited and that it is limited to part-time occupancy up to six months.

Jim Smith addresses the commission regarding a guest house on Liberty Hall Road.

One citizen, Jim Smith spoke during the Public Hearing for this permit request. He asked if the unit being built by the Speers could be rented out. Staff reiterated the prohibition in the recommendation that such use would be prohibited. Mr. Smith indicated that he had been hunting in that area for over 40 years and was concerned about people walking along the old right-of-way on the property. The property owner indicated their only plan was occasionally walking in the woods along the abandoned right-of-way toward the national park boundary, and would gladly coordinate with neighbors.

The commission again approved the recommendation for approval to the Board of Supervisors without dissent.

David Khol is seeking a Conditional Use Permit for his Agriculturally zoned property at 519 Freezeland Road in the Happy Creek District for a short-term tourist rental. The property is Mr. Kohl’s primary residence, and it will be available for rental on occasions when the owner is out of town. The Applicant has engaged a property manager to handle the property rental. The Commission again forwarded a recommendation of approval to the Board of Supervisors with no dissenting vote.

Melissa and Johnathan Greene submitted a Conditional Use Permit request for a guesthouse on their Agriculturally zoned property on Gooney Manor Loop in the South River District. The Greenes intend to build a home on the property but want to create a loft apartment in an existing barn, so they can spend weekends on the property in the meantime. Planning Department Staff again outlined the requirement that a guesthouse cannot be used for rental purposes and occupancy is limited to part-time up to six months in a calendar year. Once again without a dissenting vote cast, the commissioners present forwarded the request to the county supervisors with a recommendation of approval.

In the Authorization to Advertise for a public hearing section of the meeting, three CUP requests from 9700 Court, LLC were presented for a facility on Winchester Road in the North River Magisterial District for the construction of a climate-controlled 63,000 square-foot enclosed storage building, and an additional car, boat, and RV storage area at the back of that lot.

A representative for the applicant Scott Stickley provided a brief overview of the project, which would proceed in phases, depending on the business. Future expansion could eventually increase the total square footage of rentable storage to 84,000 s.f. The property is zoned commercial and lies within the Route 340/522 Overlay District, which has architectural, landscape, and overall appearance requirements that must be met. If approved, this project would be the fifth such facility in a 5- mile radius. However, the applicant asserts that industry studies indicate there is more than enough demand to justify the additional facility.

There were no citizen speakers regarding the project, and the commissioners approved advertising a public hearing for the project.

Newly assigned Planning Director Joe Petty briefed the commission on a schedule for a rewrite of the County Comprehensive Plan, with work scheduled to begin in earnest in July 2021, with completion forecast by July 2022. He also expressed confidence in the challenges ahead in his new role and his appreciation for his predecessor continuing to be available to provide her expertise as he “learns the ropes”.

Finally, the Chairman presented the outgoing planning director with a warm farewell augmented by flowers as a token of the commissioners’ appreciation and esteem for her many contributions.

Chairman Robert Myers presents the goodies to outgoing Planning Director, now Deputy County Administrator Taryn Logan, in recognition of her many services to the Planning Commission during her tenure.

The meeting was adjourned at 8 p.m.


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Illegal sewage dumping investigation closed with no charges – but is that the end of the story?



If Town of Front Royal officials were looking for vindication in a report culminating Tuesday, May 11, with Warren County Sheriff Mark Butler telling the Warren County Board of Supervisors his department was closing its criminal investigation into a staff report of suspected illegal sewage dumping at the County’s Bentonville Transfer Station without charges – they got it Tuesday night, or at least their garbage truck crews did.

Butler did say the case was being closed without charges. However, his detailed power point summary of events leading up to and following investigative interactions with two Town garbage truck crews at the solid waste transfer station on April 20, concluded there may have been as much as a five-year pattern of purposeful dumping in violation of the agreement between the two municipalities for waste disposal and transfer. He also noted that both municipalities shared some culpability for allowing the process to continue past those initial concerns.

During the May 11 county supervisors work session Sheriff Butler made his case that his department’s investigation was justified, routine, and not targeting Town work crews. Royal Examiner Photo by Roger Bianchini

Butler included 2016 and 2017 communications from County Solid Waste Manager (and now Public Works Director) Mike Berry to county and town officials raising questions about “nasty waste” and possible commercial sewage being mixed in with residential garbage charged at different rates, being delivered to the Bentonville solid waste transfer site.

Sheriff Butler utilized photographs of waste in question taken April 20 during his department’s investigation that illustrated the treated, dried sewage being mixed with residential garbage and water that “rehydrated” the grit and screenings from their treated state. These were evidentiary photographs the sheriff said, other than one on his cell phone, the DEQ investigator refused to look at during his April 21 inspection of the Town’s Wastewater Treatment Plant. Contacted Wednesday, DEQ Water Permits & Compliance Manager Brandon Kiracofe said while he did not recall refusing to look at photos, agreed he had only seen the one cellphone photo. However, he noted that a solid waste inspector who visited the County Transfer Station April 21 in connection with the investigation, may have been more likely to inspect those photos.

Sheriff’s power point photos: above DEQ photo illustrates treated material at Town WWTP that should be acceptable at County transfer station. Below, WCSO photo of mixed material found on Town trash truck on April 20.

Sheriff Butler also made it clear that the Town’s garbage truck crews were not the ultimate target of his department’s investigation. Following conversations that included Warren County Commonwealth’s Attorney John Bell and Interim County Administrator Ed Daley, the sheriff said, “All parties agreed seeking violations of County Codes was not in the best interest of the employees, who were merely just doing their jobs. The Criminal case at this time will be closed,” later adding, “The everyday workers should not be put in this situation jeopardizing their livelihood.”

In summarizing his conclusions near the end of his presentation, Sheriff Butler added, “Since the Town has agreed to never dump this waste at the Transfer Site again, Doctor Daley agreed with both the Commonwealth’s Attorney and the Sheriff, compliance with the law is the best outcome. The County does not wish to pursue charges of any kind currently.”

More WCSO evidentiary photos taken April 20: above, Town truck load of mixed layers of residential and WWTP collected materials; middle photo, close up of liquid running off that load and out of truck; and comparative WCSO photo of a Town trash truck dumping only residential garbage.

Could “currently” be an indication this story may not end legally with the closing of Sheriff’s Office investigation? Elsewhere in summarizing his department’s investigation, Sheriff Butler said this: “After reviewing all statements, agreements, evidence, policies, procedures, laws and codes, both the Commonwealth Attorney, John Bell, and the Warren County Sheriff’s Office believe this matter would be best handled as a civil instead of a criminal matter.”

Perhaps that looming sheriff’s report on the suspected sludge dumping investigation scheduled for Tuesday, May 11, explains an unknown portion of the Front Royal Town Council’s 4-1/2 hours of closed sessions the previous day to discuss, among other things, “legal matters” regarding an unspecified “MOA” and “claimed or potential financial obligations” and “actual or probable litigation.

Board Chair Cullers wants to maintain positive relations with the Town despite the disconnect experienced over the trash dumping report and investigation.

Board Chairwoman Cullers explained her entry into the issue as stemming from campaign promises on addressing public safety issues along roads in her South River District. Among those concerns were waste dropping on the roads to the Bentonville transfer station and convenience sites. While expressing a desire to continue toward a good working relationship with the Town, as she has in the past, Cullers noted that it had to be achieved within the law and the parameters of agreements between the two municipalities in the best interest of the citizens and employees of both.

Royal Examiner will have more on this evolving story as the County and Town chart a future path through what has become a minefield of accusation, counter-accusation and increasingly tense relations, or as Board Chair Cullers was put on notice by Mayor Holloway last week, an absence of planned joint relations pending the unlikely meeting of Town demands, including firings and resignations of the interim county administrator and sheriff due to their roles in the investigation launched by concerns expressed by County Transfer Station Manager Jamie Lentz. During Tuesday’s discussion Lentz was commended for re-raising the issue of “nasty waste” in the face of municipal systems that had allowed questionable loads to continue to be received over a period of years.

In fact, Royal Examiner does have MORE on this issue already, having received a statement from Mayor Holloway through the town manager’s office while typing the above paragraph Wednesday afternoon. The statement was in response to a question posed the previous day on the decision to transport the disputed materials directly to the Page County Battle Creek Landfill.

Mayor responds on waste decision

Mayor Holloway says the County will be charged for additional costs to the Town for shipping now-rejected WWTP materials directly to its final Page County destination.

This is the mayor’s emailed statement in its entirety:

“The County has never said anything about an odor or dumping of material. This could have all been avoided if they would just have picked up the phone and shared their concerns.

“They told DEQ that they didn’t want to accept this material anymore at the transfer station even though most towns do the same thing with theirs. This was the County’s decision not the Town’s. As a result, county citizens will pay additional costs because of their decision to haul to Page County. We will be invoicing them or we will stop taking the materials. Please keep in mind, the County has been accepting the material for years just like other localities do with their transfer stations.

“We are now having (contracted hauler) Republic haul the screening & grit from the Town treatment plant and the County Septage Receiving Station straight to the Page County landfill. Again, due to the County’s request – not us agreeing to it – it will increase the costs to county citizens. I want to emphasize the County can take the material per DEQ if they want to and save taxpayer’s dollar.”

Contacted about the “invoicing them or … stop taking the materials” reference, Town Manager Steven Hicks verified that was in reference to the Town’s receipt of county septic system waste for treatment at its WWTP.

Stay tuned for future developments in our daytime/nighttime drama “As the Sewage Travels” and/or watch the Sheriff’s report (at 1:01:45 mark), along with other business conducted Tuesday evening, in this County video.

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Behind Closed Doors: Town Council closed sessions run toward EDA financial scandal lengths



Perhaps not surprisingly, after a nearly 3-1/2-hour closed session that opened their Monday, May 10th work session, the Front Royal Town Council made short work of the three open session agenda items – 1/ a staff briefing on suggested changes to Town policies on the use of the Village Commons public area at the heart of the historic downtown business district (related to one closed session item); 2/ enforcing the Blighted Building, Blighted Properties and Non-conforming lot codes (eventually enforcement may begin at council’s discretion on the process established); and 3/ the routine annual alignment of Town Codes with changes to state Motor Vehicle Laws.

Council prepares for the first of two closed sessions lasting a total of about 4-1/2 hours Monday night, May 10. Royal Examiner Photo by Roger Bianchini

Short work – Because surprise, surprise, after the approximately 18 minutes they spent on those three open session items, council re-convened to closed session at 10:45 p.m. to discuss three more of the eight closed session agenda topics yet covered. Two of those being property moves that Mayor Chris Holloway informed the council at the outset of the meeting nearly four hours earlier, that he would be recusing himself from participation in. Staff estimated the second work session as lasting about an hour, allowing them, council minus the absent Jacob Meza, and the mayor out of Town Hall shortly before midnight.

Among the closed session topics were: a/ discussion, interviews with candidates for “various Boards” appointments, no doubt including the new Town EDA; b/ an unspecified personnel matter; c/ “potential legal liability exposures of the Town regarding its Town-owned Town Commons under sub-section A.8”; d/e/ the aforementioned mayoral recusals from discussion of “disposition of publicly held real property” (as opposed to its imaginary holdings?), specifically as to “the sale or vacation of a Town right of way, being an alley (Carter Street and N. Royal Avenue)” where open discussion could “adversely affect the bargaining position or negotiating strategy” of the Town under Section A.3; f/ legal consultation of unspecified “specific” matters; g/ legal consultation “Regarding claimed or potential financial obligations, whether legal or moral” and briefings by staff or consultants on those matters, “including actual and probable litigation”; and h/ “With respect to an MOA (Memorandum of Agreement), consultation with legal counsel employed or retained by Town Council regarding specific legal matters” again not specified – though a good guess might be the solid waste disposal contract/agreement with the County).

See the brief open session discussions and motions into and out of closed session, in this 23-minute Town video:

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DEQ ID’s disputed transfer station waste as acceptable materials with possible odor issues that could be rejected



A Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) inspection of the Town of Front Royal’s Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) in reaction to an inquiry by the Warren County Sheriff’s Office regarding suspicions of untreated sewage at the Bentonville transfer Station appears to have cleared the Town of any wrongdoing. Reports regarding the transfer station at tonight’s Warren County Board of Supervisors Meeting by both Sheriff Mark Butler and County Public Works Director Mike Berry may add additional light on the matter.

But according to the DEQ official who made that inspection the day after what has become a contentious interaction between the sheriff and deputies and a Town garbage truck crew bringing “grit and screenings” sewage from the WWTP to the County’s Bentonville transfer station along with residential trash, there has been an agreement that the Town will no longer bring those materials to the Bentonville site. Rather, they will be transported by a contracted hauler directly to the Battle Creek Landfill in Page County, which is their ultimate destination, along with other sewage or sludge materials the local transfer station is not licensed to take.

The first official on either side of the dispute that Royal Examiner was able to reach Tuesday was Assistant Town Attorney George Sonnett, who was present during the April 21st DEQ inspection of the Town WWTP. Asked about an agreement on the direct shipment of the disputed waste to the Page County site, Sonnett said, “At this time I’m not aware of an alternative. It has been rejected – what choice do we have?”

The Bentonville Solid Waste Transfer Station, the Town’s perceived ‘Pearl Harbor’ of alleged County hostilities against it and a solid waste truck crew. Well, it doesn’t look like the USS Arizona and it wasn’t ‘sunk’ on April 20; however, the mayor has conveyed great and vast umbrage at what he asserts was aggressively hostile treatment of its crew. Royal Examiner File Photos by Roger Bianchini (unless otherwise indicated)

DEQ Water Permits & Compliance Manager Brandon Kiracofe said treated materials he inspected April 21 at the Town’s WWTP matched acceptable, non-sewage-sludge materials. “Based on my experience they were consistent with what I’ve seen there (Bentonville) and elsewhere being accepted” according to treated sewage standards, Kiracofe told Royal Examiner by phone on May 10.

However, passages in a 2007 DEQ outline of processes related to disposal of various levels of treated sewage provided to Royal Examiner by the Town may offer a clue to the evolving situation here.

“If odor from grit and screenings becomes an issue at a landfill, then the waste inspector should: 1/ Remind the landfill that they can reject any load,” the February 26, 2007 memo from DEQ Water Quality Division Director Ellen Gilinsky and Waste Division Director Karen Jackson Sismour tells regional water compliance and waste program managers. And while the Bentonville site is no longer a landfill, one might guess that as a transfer station to Page County’s Battle Creek Landfill, the same right of refusal would come into play.

But that treated and dried “grit and screening” byproducts of the Town’s Wastewater Treatment Plant would be acceptable at the Bentonville Transfer Station is also indicated in the 2007 DEQ waste disposal process outline: “DEQ has deemed that grit and screenings do not fall under the definition of ‘sludge’ and therefore the stabilization requirement for sludge (which the Bentonville station is not licensed to accept, but Page County’s is) does not apply to grit and screenings from a wastewater treatment plant.”

So, it would appear that Mayor Holloway is correct when he said the Town has been cleared of any wrongdoing, particularly of a criminal nature, regarding the dumping of materials at the Bentonville site. We may find out if Sheriff Butler agrees tonight.

Above, now-Mayor Holloway, left, along with then-Mayor Tewalt, gets some consultation from Revolutionary War reenactors during late 2019 hanging of memorial plaque in honor of Gen. Joseph Warren for whom the county is named. Hopefully, the war of words surrounding Sheriff Butler’s handling of questions about what was being dumped by the Town at the Bentonville Transfer Station won’t escalate into a reenactment of the war that ended Joseph Warren’s life, as portrayed in the memorial art.

However, it would also appear that the County is within its right to reject loads of grit and screening if odor has become an issue with staff or patrons at the transfer station. Following the above-referenced exception of grit and screenings from being defined as sludge and prefacing that first bullet point right of rejection of treated loads, the 2007 DEQ document also states: “However, improperly maintained or operated grit and screening devices can produce waste that has a higher organic content that can contribute to odors at a landfill” continuing to encourage DEQ regional managers to work with staffs at the treatment and receiving end of sewage products “to ensure proper treatment of this material.”

However, with the current level of contentious hostility between the two municipalities over the County’s handling of the initial complaint with a law enforcement investigation of a perceived threatening nature to a Town solid waste truck crew, such a cooperative effort may not be in the offing. See Royal Examiner’s linked story Town demands ‘reparations’, firings, and threatens ‘legal action’ for alleged ‘Sludge War’ on solid waste crewfor a full accounting of the evolution of that hostility expressed in an April 29 Town press release and letter to County Board Chair Cheryl Cullers, signed by Mayor Chris Holloway.

Images from the April 21, DEQ WWTP site visit and investigation of County complaint: above “Commingled screenings and grit” from the WWTP Raptor unit receiving and treating septage from county septic systems; below, “Screenings from the bar screen” at WWTP treating waste from the Town of Front Royal’s sewer system. They’re both acceptable at transfer station unless remoisturized the odor becomes too much of an issue on the receiving end. Photos Courtesy DEQ

That letter notifies the county board chair of cancellation of all future joint Town-County meetings pending satisfaction of a list of demands, including the firing of Interim County Administrator Ed Daley and resignation of Sheriff Mark Butler.

Stay tuned for the next chapter of “(It’s not) Sludge Wars” as Sheriff Mark Butler and County Public Works Director Mike Berry weigh in during tonight’s Warren County Board of Supervisors Work Session following scheduled EDA-related Closed Sessions beginning at 6 p.m. and 7 p.m.

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