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‘Public Comments’ will remain on 7 p.m. Town Council meeting agenda; Lloyd COVID ‘Medical Freedom Resolution’ fails to get consensus



The Front Royal Town Council began its lone work session of January with an hour closed meeting on topics dominated by Economic Development Authority-related business, both new and old.

The “new” was formation of the new unilateral FREDA Board of Directors, the old cited in the motion to convene to closed session read by Vice-Mayor Lori Cockrell included “the relationship of the Town Police Department funding and the Warren EDA, and the litigation between the Town and Warren EDA and Personnel”. No announcements were forthcoming after the closed session.

Following reopening of the Monday evening, March 8 work session council got a brief budget update from Finance Director B.J. Wilson. Wilson noted that a public hearing on the Fiscal Year-2022 tax and utility rates was anticipated for April 26. Council has committed to keeping Real Estate and Personal Property rates flat in the coming year. However, water-sewer rates will rise as recommended by a consultant to cover departmental costs from mandated improvements continuing to be implemented. Those increases average to about 2.5% total, Wilson told council, with the sewer rate going up 3.5% and water up 2%.

Town Purchasing Manager Alisa Scott briefs council on draft Special Events Ordinance. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

The rest of the 10-item work session agenda was highlighted by discussion of a number of high public interest topics. Those topics included:

1- where Public Comments will be scheduled in a revamped single monthly meeting agenda;

2 – further consideration of Councilman Scott Lloyd’s “Masks and Medical Freedom Resolution” proposal;

3 – plans and scheduling of the Afton Inn renovation by new owner 2 East Main LLC;

4 – establishment of a “Special Events Ordinance, Policy, and Permit Application” system that would include future downtown street closings for special events and any return to last year’s weekend walking mall initiative;

5 – scheduling of a public hearing on a Department of Corrections request to lease space at 842 North Shenandoah Avenue near the current Warren Memorial Hospital as a District 11 Probation and Parole “sub-office”;

6 – an update on the Mayor’s 5-item “100-Day Goals” list;

7 – a planned joint meeting with the Warren County Board of Supervisors; and

8 – an Open Discussion opportunity.

As for the joint meeting, a decision was deferred pending further discussion and establishment of availability of involved parties from both municipalities.

Public Comments
Council concurred with the staff recommendation forwarded by Town Manager Steven Hicks that Public Comments not be removed from the meeting agenda to an earlier, untelevised time, as had been proposed. Rather, they were listed as the 8th agenda item, essentially where they had been, following a moment of silence, pledge of allegiance, roll call, approval of previous meeting minutes, addition/deletions to agenda, recognitions and awards, agency presentations, and just prior to opening public hearings for proposed legislative actions.

Councilman Meza worried that at time disconnect between Public Comments and council member reports could prevent an occasional informational give and take with the public.

Councilman Meza expressed concern that manager, mayor, and council reports had been taken off the front end of the agenda and placed as the final agenda items prior to any closed session that might be scheduled. He explained that sometimes council members might want to respond to public comments that might contain what he termed inaccuracies or misperceptions that could require clarification.

He suggested the mayor be given the option of asking if there were any council responses to the public comments immediately after they were made while leaving the member reports at the meetings end. However, after a lengthy discussion, it was decided to move the council, mayor, and manager’s reports back up the list to immediately follow public comments as they had before.

COVID mask-wearing exemption
A distinct split arose over Councilman Lloyd’s proposed blanket acceptance that if people are not wearing a protective mask in the Town of Front Royal, they will be assumed to have a medical condition that exempts them according to Governor Ralph Northam’s Executive Order 72 medical exceptions. There already appeared to be somewhat of an altering of the original proposal in that a “resolution” was presented rather than a legislative ordinance/code change.

In prefacing his proposal, the policy attorney and former Trump Administration official said that he didn’t want his initiative interpreted that he “wasn’t concerned about health issues” but that he was “going to gravitate toward legal issues”. He restated a belief that Virginia’s governor, whom he acknowledged as an opposition party Democrat, had overstepped his legal authority in mandating public COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic mask-wearing. Mask wearing has been medically suggested as a preventative safeguard against spreading the highly contagious airborne-spread viral infection that has killed over 2.4 million people worldwide and over half a million Americans in little more than a year.

Lloyd reiterated his belief that his initiative was simply an amplifying of medical exceptions contained in Executive Order 72 related to HIPPA prohibitions on disclosure of private, computer transmitted medical information, in this case about conditions that might qualify one not to wear a mask for health reasons. Lloyd’s initiative would assume that if one is not wearing a mask there is a medical reason which the person could not even be questioned about, which as stated, he believes is already part of Executive Order 72.

Siding, at least to some extent, with Lloyd were fellow self-identified council libertarians, Jacob Meza and Joseph McFadden. However, council’s fourth self-identified libertarian, Letasha Thompson, expressed concern about the nature of Lloyd’s proposal.

“Is part of your resolution … in essence that you’re going to try to force certain businesses … are you going to tell them now, they have to let people in?” Thompson asked, adding, “I’m not of the mind to telling other businesses what to do.” She pointed to the decision of some business owners to require masks to enter or find other ways to order and pick up as a protective measure for employees, vulnerable relatives, and other customers against what has determined to be a highly contagious and potentially fatal disease. It is a disease she pointed out, that has led to a higher death to known cases ratio in Front Royal and Warren County than the national and state averages.

Lloyd replied that business owners have “a private right or freedom to generally do what you want with your business … essentially you can open up your business and not let anybody in until the business fails”. What he wants to do, he said, was “educate and accommodate” the information on what business are obliged to do or NOT do, per Executive Order 72’s medical exemptions. He suggested there may be people with “anxieties or some other issue or legitimate health reasons who are masking just because they want to get through their daily life and have to feel pressured to explain … I actually have an issue. – That’s actually excluded in the language of the executive order,” Lloyd noted.

Mayor Holloway noted businesses with “no shirt, no shoes, no service” requirements that council hadn’t felt compelled to address in the past. The mayor asked Councilman McFadden if customers had to wear a mask to enter his gym business. “No,” the councilman replied, leading to the follow-up question, “Can they come in and wear a mask?” to which McFadden replied, “Yes because I believe in freedom to do whatever the hell you want to do. You can’t be mandated to do things or not do things.”

As the conversation took various twists and turns, including disseminating information without a resolution or an ordinance, it appeared to be a 3-3 council split with Cockrell and Gillespie siding with Thompson on there being no need for council action regarding the masking situation. And with the mayor clearly expressing his opinion council should not become involved, the writing was on the wall.

After leaning Lloyd’s way on the legal perspective, McFadden expressed frustration with a direction council could meaningfully take. “I’m on team ‘I wish there was something we could do on this – I’ve been racking my brain. I don’t know what we can do as town council unless we did something in regard to the Constitution and reaffirming Constitutional rights … So, it’s a Constitutionality thing, unless we take it that direction I don’t really see having any direction right now. So, I agree with the mayor that I don’t see where it could go, unfortunately.”

And with that, it appeared the initiative was abandoned as a local ordinance or resolution matter, at least for now.

Afton guarantees
Town Attorney Doug Napier briefed council on a proposed agreement on scheduling the Afton Inn renovations to be completed within essentially a 2-1/2-year timeframe that if not complied with, would result in $200-a-day fines to owner 2 East Main LLC until the project was completed. Napier noted he had sent a draft to the developer’s attorney but had not heard back in a week, so was assuming the draft was acceptable as written and presented to council.

“Why would they sign this?” Councilman Meza asked.

“Yea, why would they? – If I was them, I wouldn’t sign it. That’s why you haven’t heard anything. I wouldn’t respond,” Mayor Holloway, who is in the construction business, added.

Town Manager Steven Hicks told council that he had spoken to 2 East Main representatives, observing, “They wanted me to share with council that they’re excited about this project. They want to get going.” The town manager said he had told the owner-developer the Town wanted to partner with them in seeing the necessary steps on both sides were achieved to facilitate an aggressive redevelopment schedule the owner has expressed hope for with an approximate two-year timeframe.

Well, if they want to sign it, we won’t stop them, Mayor Holloway may have been thinking after Town Manager Hicks said he believed Afton developer 2 E. Main LLC would sign a $200-a-day punitive agreement setting a timeframe for completion of the Afton Inn project. Below, the Afton Inn is due for a serious facelift.

“We want to make sure that they’re successful. So, they’re eager, they’re going to start. And I think this agreement is part of their commitment to the Town to let you all know they’re serious about it. So, I’m comfortable they will sign it because they really want to show their commitment and they appreciate what the Town is doing. In exchange, my commitment is we want them to be successful,” Hicks told council.

Thompson called the draft agreement “spot on” and Mayor Holloway suggested inviting 2 East Main to brief council on where they were in their process.

See the linked Town video for these and other discussion.

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EDA in Focus

EDA gets McDonald company property as part of settlement agreement



On Wednesday, October 20, Warren County Economic Development Authority Board of Directors Chairman Jeff Browne verified the EDA’s acquisition of the 41-acre “Happy Creek Road” parcel owned by former EDA Executive Director Jennifer McDonald’s Moveon8 real estate LLC. Acquisition of the undeveloped property assessed at just over a million dollars according to county court records is part of the $9-million-dollar no-fault settlement agreement reached between the EDA, McDonald, and the Harrisonburg Bankruptcy Court handling McDonald’s 2020 bankruptcy filing. The EDA will now be able to market the property as a developable EDA asset. It is located near the intersection of Happy Creek Road and Leach Run Parkway.

Browne said that in addition to receiving full value on the Happy Creek parcel, the EDA was in line to receive a percentage of the sale price of other McDonald assets distributed through the bankruptcy court proceeding. Exactly how close those percentages might get the EDA to the $9-million-dollar settlement figure remains to be seen. It was not immediately clear as to whether the EDA will have an outright full value claim to any other McDonald-held properties or assets.

The FBI and VSP were both involved in the April 2019 search of McDonald’s former office; below, being locked down after her resignation under mounting investigatory pressure by her board on Dec. 20, 2018. Royal Examiner File Photos by Roger Bianchini

McDonald is the central figure in the EDA financial scandal that began unravelling in mid-to-late 2018. She resigned in December 2018 under mounting pressure from her board of directors. She has been accused in civil and criminal court of utilizing her EDA position to misdirect EDA assets to her and others personal benefit. Western District of Virginia federal authorities have taken over the criminal side of the EDA case after a state special prosecutor’s office in Harrisonburg dropped criminal charges against McDonald and as many as 23 co-defendants due to speedy trial concerns as it wrestled with the volume of evidentiary material – estimated at 800,000 to over a million pages at the time. With charges against some defendants originating with the county commonwealth attorney’s office that initially handled the criminal investigation during Brian Madden’s tenure heading the department, failure to meet speedy trial timelines could have led to defense motions for dismissal of criminal charges against the defendants.

Jennifer McDonald booked during state criminal prosecution process in 2019.

On August 31, 2021, federal prosecutors made their initial move, handing down a 34-count indictment against McDonald. Of those 34 counts, 16 were for money laundering, 10 for bank fraud, 7 for wire fraud, and 1 count of aggravated identity theft regarding someone identified as “T.T.” – ITFederal principal Truc Tran perhaps?

ITFederal principal Truc ‘Curt’ Tran on site at EDA parking lot, adjacent to his now floundering construction project, on Dec. 20, 2018, the day Jennifer McDonald resigned as executive director of EDA. Tran expressed distress at the potential of McDonald’s departure at the time. Could Tran, whose $10-million loan for the Royal Phoenix project was the largest single item listed in the initial EDA civil litigation, have now accused McDonald of ‘aggravated identity theft’ regarding EDA financial dealings with him and his company?

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At least two supervisors willing to revisit continuation of coyote bounty program in more open forum



Seeing the continued awarding of $50 bounties for the random shooting of coyotes in Warren County following a November 10, 2020, work session presentation by County legal and animal control staff seeking an end to the practice as counterproductive to its intent of thinning coyote pack numbers, Royal Examiner recently sought information on the Board of Supervisors apparently unanimous decision to continue the bounty awards.

In early October this reporter emailed Board Chairman Cheryl Cullers with copies to the other four board members in case there was a divergent opinion on the matter that has not, to this reporter’s knowledge, been publicly discussed. The only initial reply was from the board chair: “… but there are those that don’t agree with that information,” Cullers replied of the information presented to the board on November 10, 2020, by Warren County Sheriff’s Office Animal Control Officer Laura Gomez and Assistant County Attorney Caitlin Jordan.

Typical Consent Agenda request for approval of a coyote bounty payment. This one was submitted and approved nine months after supervisors were told the program was, not only ineffective but counterproductive to the intent of thinning coyote pack numbers. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini; Coyote Photo Public Domain

“That information” was addressed in Royal Examiner’s November 11, 2020, story “County headed to public hearings to end coyote bounty payments and expansion of loose dog prohibitions”. It included the following information: “The biggest issue with (coyote bounties) is we have documentation showing it’s not effective in any way. And removing the coyote bounty would not prevent people from still being able to protect their property and their livestock … And they’re showing in that letter that it has over a 150-year failure,” Animal Control Officer Gomez noted of the proposed ordinance amendment ending the bounty program.

“That letter” referenced by Gomez to the county supervisors on November 10, 2020, stated among other things that: “Coyote bounties have been tried throughout the United States for more than 150 years. There is not a single documented instance of a bounty

program temporarily or permanently reducing coyote populations or livestock depredation problems,” Michael L. Fies of VDGIF (Va. Department of Game and Inland Fisheries) wrote in response to a November 2016 inquiry by Bath County Animal Control officials included in Tuesday night’s agenda packet,” Royal Examiner reported at the time.

WCSO Animal Control Officer Laura Gomez told the supervisors on Nov. 10, 2020, that 150 years of data indicates bounties have not helped reduce coyote numbers anywhere, at any time; and in fact, have the opposite impact of increasing female coyote reproductive cycles.

And it was not simply the abandonment of bounties, but the implementation of what was called more “successful targeted control” programs in place of bounties, suggested at the state level that was brought to the supervisors late last year:

“Since coyote bounties are ineffective, our Department has consistently recommended against these programs in favor of targeted control efforts around farms with a history of coyote damage. This approach has been successfully used by USDA Wildlife Services to reduce livestock losses in other portions of the state,” VDGIF’s Fies wrote in the above-referenced 2016 letter to Bath County officials presented to Warren County’s elected officials by animal control and legal staffs in late 2020.

It might be noted that this reporter’s headline on the referenced story on that November 10, 2020, presentation on coyote bounty programs contained one glaring inaccuracy – “County headed to public hearings to end coyote bounty payments (and a related animal control issue on dogs running loose in the county). For no public hearing was there to be, nor to this reporter’s knowledge, any open work session or meeting discussion by the board of the information it was presented with by county staff on November 10, 2020, nor of any expressed citizen disagreement with that information.

Rather, on January 5, 2021, coyote bounties were presented for continuation as part of the Consent Agenda for matters considered “routine business” not requiring public discussion or scrutiny by the board prior to a vote of approval. And while other Consent Agenda items were pulled for discussion that evening, continuing the coyote bounty program was not one of them.

But that could be poised to change. Contacted about the approval process, first Board Chairman Cullers expressed a willingness to revisit the issue. “I would be glad to have a future discussion on this issue. I understand the side that feels it is not effective, but there are those that don’t agree with that information. Again I will be glad to readdress the issue,” Cullers replied to this reporter’s emailed inquiry about the initial approval process.

WC Board Chair Cheryl Cullers has expressed a willingness to revisit the bounty issue in a more public forum. But where do her colleagues, pictured below at the Nov. 10, 2020, work session discussion of the coyote bounty program, stand on the issue?

And “readdress” would seem a wise course for this board majority. Because that initial approval process, essentially done out of the public eye, other than the vote to continue it without a public hearing or public discussion other than one meeting public comment favoring continuation of the bounties that Cullers cited, seems to run contrary to the process of a board majority carried into office over a year and a half ago on campaign promises of ending political “business as usual” out of the public eye – a process cited as contributing to the EDA financial scandal the county is still recovering from.

In fact, we reached out a second time to North River Supervisor Delores Oates following her comment at the October 5 Board of Supervisors meeting to County Administrator Ed Daley regarding the effectiveness of air purification machines the County is pondering the purchase of for use in county government buildings. – “We want facts, not opinions,” Oates told Daley of a final decision on the air purification device purchase for Warren County Government buildings.

Supervisor Oates stands by her ‘facts, not opinions’ statement and added her willingness to revisit the coyote bounty issue. She pointed to other issues like COVID pandemic ramifications and the County’s IT security breach as distracting the board from further exploration of alternatives to the coyote bounty system.

And yes, facts, as they are available, would be valuable in ascertaining the effectiveness of the air purification machines in limiting the spread of contagious viral or other airborne illnesses. But why not the same standard of “facts, not opinions” in the decision to continue a coyote bounty program found locally, state-wide, and nationally to be counterproductive to its intent of thinning coyote packs anywhere over 150 years of experience?

And Oates too expressed a willingness to revisit the issue prior to publication.

“I would be happy to discuss. If memory serves me correctly, there were no alternatives offered to control the population of coyotes at that presentation. I believe we postponed a decision to learn more about what options were available to reduce the coyote population,” Oates responded to our email inquiry.

“I stand on my facts, not opinions statement,” she added, pointing to myriad other issues the County has faced in the past year: “On this topic, we didn’t revisit as I suspect many other issues have taken precedent. With COVID and the IT breach, the coyote topic didn’t seem urgent. I am not opposed to revisiting the alternatives to bounties in the near term,” Oates wrote Royal Examiner, adding, “Perhaps we needed to understand what targeted control meant. I will be honest it’s been almost a year since we heard the presentation. We wanted to understand what the cost was to farmers with a targeted control approach. I know there were lingering questions which is why we just didn’t eliminate the program.”

And with a perhaps building board consensus, it appears the county supervisors may be revisiting the coyote bounty issue, and exploring alternatives such as those referenced “targeted control efforts around farms with a history of coyote damage” that Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries Michael L. Fies referenced in his 2016 letter on the subject to Bath County officials. As we told Supervisors Cullers and Oates during our discussion, it seems counterintuitive to continue to pay people in a bounty program cited by wildlife professionals as not only ineffective but achieving the opposite effect of often increasing coyote numbers, rather than reducing them.

And if there are citizens who disagree with those conclusions of wildlife professionals, it would be nice to publicly hear what facts, if any, those disagreements are based upon.

See the full November 10, 2020, presentation and discussion in the linked Warren County Work Session video Nov 10, 2020 Board of Supervisors Work Session – Warren County, VA (

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Local Government

County Planning Commission reviews Fire Department Capital Improvement Plan, also faces upsurge in permit activity



The Warren County Planning Commission met on October 13 in a work session to review a Capital Improvement Plan submission for 2021-2025 for the County Fire and Emergency Services Department. Chief James Bonzano told the Commission that calls for service for 2020, the last complete year, increased by over 3%, continuing a trend that began in 2013. This increase impacts response times, budget costs, and equipment availability, he explained. Calls were split between Fire, at 14%, and EMS (Emergency Medical Service), at 86%. EMS vehicles are called out more than 4 times as often as fire apparatus, have longer runs, and as a result, wear out that much sooner.

The National Standards for fire department equipment govern when it should be placed on the reserve list or removed from service. According to Chief Bonzano, the current fleet has 18 units of its 65 that are over 15 years old, and two over 25 years. In Warren County, there is currently no capacity to place vehicles in reserve. The chief also identified facility improvements needed, live-fire training, and firefighter cancer prevention as priorities in the submission. The Chief oversees a nearly $6 million annual combined budget.

Several commissioners suggested ways to extend budgets by alternative financing or leasing. The Chief acknowledged he is looking into these mechanisms but cautioned that many of them assume a fleet that allows for residual values when turning in a vehicle at the end of the lease. Much of the current fleet is far past the age where it would have any residual value as used equipment. The Fire/EMS Department is also pressed for volunteers – not only operational but associates – helpers of all kinds, including fundraisers. The Fire and Rescue Services capital investment submission will now be fed into the County’s budget process.

Fire Chief James Bonzano II, left, and Fire Marshal Gerry Maiatico explain the Fire and Rescue Department’s Capital Improvement request to the County Planning Commission. The Department faces funding challenges as the workload grows.


The regular Planning Commission meeting followed immediately after the work session, and the commission considered two Conditional Use permits (CUP) requests.

Terra Site Constructors, LLC, is requesting a Conditional Use Permit for a contractor storage yard at 6986 Winchester Road in the North River Magisterial District. The property is zoned Industrial (I). Planning Director Joe Petty reviewed the recommendations for approval of the request for the commission members. There were no public comments on the proposal, so Commission Chairman Robert Myers closed the public hearing. The site will primarily be used for the temporary storage of heavy equipment. After a brief discussion, the commission voted unanimously to recommend approval of the permit. The request will now go to the Board of Supervisors for approval.

Jake Johnson, representing Terra Site Constructors LLC, takes questions from the County Planning Commission. Terra Site Constructors seeks to locate a storage yard on Winchester Road.


Gordon Lee Birkhimer has requested a Conditional Use Permit for a short-term tourist rental for his property at 52 Forest View Drive, an Agriculturally zoned property in the Fork Magisterial District. Mr. Birkhimer is planning a sailboat trip around the world and expects to be absent for up to two years. He has engaged a professional management firm to oversee the rental activity, and a local citizen to do maintenance and upkeep.

When Chairman Jones opened the floor for public comment, Pamela Rhodes addressed the commissioners and outlined her opposition to the permit. As a 30-year resident of the neighborhood, she expressed the opinion that the applicant would have no control over what kind of people would be renting the property and as an absent property owner would not care. She was opposed to long or short-term rental for the property. In addition, one neighboring property owner, Phyllis Wright, had written to the planning department and opposed the permit being issued. Her concerns were for personal safety, fire danger, and the potential for crime.

Resident Pamela Rhodes explains her opposition to a short-term tourist rental in the Massanutten Farms Subdivision.


Once the Public hearing was closed, Vice Chairman Hugh Henry commented that the community’s experience with short-term tourist rentals has been very good – an asset in a neighborhood, particularly since strict rules govern the issuance of a permit. Tourist rentals must be well maintained or guests won’t rent them. A long-term renter is a much greater risk, since a property owner can rent his property to anyone he chooses, and neighbors have no recourse. Management companies do generally perform background checks, and a written set of guidelines in the property management plan assure that guests know what the rules are.

Given the growing experience with the issuance of short-term tourist rental CUPs and the concerns of neighbors, Vice Chairman Henry asked the applicant if he would agree to two additional conditions: A prohibition against the use of ATVs on the property or roads around it, and a prohibition on discharging firearms. The applicant agreed. The commission then voted unanimously to recommend approval. The request will now go to the Board of Supervisors for approval.

The commission faces a steep climb at its November meeting with 10 CUP requests for a variety of uses, including short-term tourist rentals, a cluster housing development, an Outdoor Recreation Operation, two Rural Events Facilities, a gunsmithing service, and a campground, as well as two proposed Text Amendment changes to the Warren County Code Chapter 180. Commissioners approved authorizations to advertise all these requests.

Planning Director Joe Petty told the commission that the Comprehensive Plan review work sessions will resume in January, and he thanked the commissioners for their time and work so far on the new plan. Meantime, the Planning Department will be meeting with the contracting firm that is helping with the rewrite to prepare for the next steps.

Chairman Myers then adjourned the meeting.

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Local Government

County seeks Town to jointly explore regional water alliance



While the Front Royal Town Council was failing to gather a quorum to conduct its work session slated to follow a 6 p.m. Finance and Audit Committee meeting at Town Hall, across town at the Warren County Government Center several town officials including Assistant Town Manager Kathleen Leidich and Public Works Director Robbie Boyer, were present to hear a presentation by the Frederick Water Authority to a work session of the Warren County Board of Supervisors.

Board Chair Cheryl Cullers noted the invitation extended to, not only town staff, but its elected officials at last month’s Liaison Committee meeting, to hear the presentation on what appears to be a state-and-federal government promoted move toward regional water authorities.

“I’m not trying to tell the Town what to do – I want them to be a part of this,” Cullers said of a cooperative move into an altered water-sewer utility relationship that could be of mutual benefit to both municipalities, particularly over the long haul of future development on the county’s north side.

Warren County Board Chair Cheryl Cullers made it clear she hopes the County and Town move forward together to explore participation in a regional water authority. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

Cullers noted that several council members have stated the intention of watching the County video of the presentation in playing catch up. And what town officials did or will hear is very interesting as to long-range planning for regional growth and provision of cost-efficient water and sewer service. For while the Town of Front Royal has its own central water-sewer utility, it is dealing with what was termed “100-year-old infrastructure” in some areas and a limited and now oft-threatened by solid waste-fueled destructive algae blooms, water supply, the Shenandoah River. The Frederick Water Authority on the other hand is in the midst of creating new infrastructure for what appears to be a massive underground water source, while entertaining a change in its structural documentation to extend its reach beyond the boundaries of Frederick County and the City of Winchester to adjacent counties including Warren and Clarke.

Frederick Water Authority Executive Director Eric Lawrence told county officials that the Frederick County Board of Directors was positive in reception of exploring the idea of expanding the water authority into a regional operation across county lines. As illustrated in power point below, Lawrence noted the Frederick Water Authority’s access to 4 billion gallons of water, enough reserve for a year of use by its current customer base.

Executive Director Eric Lawrence outlined the Frederick Water Authority’s existing parameters, structure and infrastructure. That structure includes independence from the Frederick County government, though it is a relationship that currently includes the Frederick County Supervisors appointing the water authority’s board of directors. Lawrence noted that like municipal utilities, the Frederick Water Authority is a non-profit operation with its fees going back into the supporting infrastructure. A cost-comparison showed favorable numbers on average residential charges in the region. And Lawrence noted that potential expansion into adjacent counties, further expanding the customer base would poise the operation to continue to offer excellent rates with a massive water supply with redundancy and backup within that water supply base.

Warren County, along with Clarke County, has expressed interest in a regional water authority based out of the existing Frederick Water Authority. And thus far Frederick County’s response has been positive, Lawrence told the Warren supervisors. Below, long-tenured Happy Creek Supervisor Tony Carter, maroon shirt upper right, pointed to aspects of the Rt. 522/340 North Corridor Agreement that might prevent Warren’s participation in a regional water utility authority without the agreement of the town government.

However, Happy Creek Supervisor Tony Carter pointed to an old written aspect of the Route 522 North Corridor Agreement that saw the Town of Front Royal extend its central water-sewer utility into Warren County’s Route 340/522 North Corridor to facilitate industrial and commercial tax-base expansion in the county’s northside. That “Sanitation Authority” aspect of the Corridor Agreement could seem to legally prohibit shopping for better water-sewer utility rates by Warren County on its northside. However, were the Town to agree to throw into the regional water concept with Warren County, seeing benefits to its own future operations and expenses, such a legal blockage could evaporate.

North River Supervisor Delores Oates noted recent experience had shown that working at odds with each other was in neither the County, nor Town’s best interest.

“I’m just saying that it’s easier to say than to do,” Carter said of a joint move of the Town and County governments toward a regional water authority that could create a major realignment of how the Town’s water-sewer utility operates.

North River Supervisor Delores Oates said a joint County-Town exploration of participating in an expanded, regional Frederick Water Authority seemed a logical path forward. Below, Carter said he was just noting that sometimes talking municipal cooperation was easier than achieving it.

See details of the Frederick Water Authority operations and future potential in an expanding regional format, along with its implications on utility costs on both sides of the town-county line, in the first hour-and-six-minute power point presentation and Q&A in the County work session video.

A cost comparison of current residential utility rates in the region.

Following that regional water authority presentation and discussion the board adjourned to Closed/Executive Session to discuss EDA litigation and related matters including recovery of EDA assets. And on the back end of that hour-and-fifteen-minute Closed Session, see a detailed presentation on the operations, costs and revenue streams of the County’s Parks and Recreation Department; followed by County Administrator Ed Daley’s summary of options on Compensation Board Bonus pay related to COVID pandemic operations and County payments to non-Comp Board covered employees.

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EDA in Focus

EDA completes audits for 2018 and 2019; 2020 audit is next



The Board of Directors of the Front Royal and Warren County Economic Development Authority accepted its audited financial statements for fiscal years 2018 and 2019, today, October 5, 2021. The audit of the financial statements was conducted by the firm of Brown Edwards, CPAs of Harrisonburg, VA.

“We have received the final outside audits conducted for 2018 and 2019,” said EDA Board Chairman Jeff Browne.  “This was a huge effort on the part of Brown Edwards, and they have done very good work in challenging circumstances. Getting these two financial audits completed is a major step forward in putting the EDA’s past difficulties behind us. Now we can better focus on economic development issues to benefit the community.”

“The auditors’ letter points to three areas for improvement of internal controls,” Browne said. “It was important to make each improvement recommended by the CPAs, and we have done just that. The Warren County staff now administer the check-writing duties, collection of rents, and have layers of approvals for expenses within EDA and the County administration that were not there three years ago.”

The audited financial statements show that, at the end of the fiscal year 2019, the EDA’s total net assets were $38,036,737, and its net liabilities were $44,575,435, resulting in a deficit net position of $6,538,698. The EDA will work with Warren County’s auditors starting with the fiscal year 2020, which audit can now be undertaken.

Final Financial Statement 10-5-21

Final Letter to governance

 The EDA Board of Directors will have their next regular monthly board meeting via Zoom on Friday, October 29, 2021, at 9 a.m.

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Local Government

Outside agency, departmental updates dominate County Board’s attention



The Warren County Board of Supervisors had a light action agenda – a six-item Consent Agenda – but a full morning of outside and County agency operational and personnel updates before adjourning to a 10 a.m. Closed Session for information on Economic Development Authority litigation. Following that approximate half-hour Executive Session, the board got the bad news from County Fire Marshal Gerry Maiatico that the County was not a recipient of SAFER grant funding recently announced through the State.

Maiatico explained that perhaps already being the recipient of grant funding for the Rivermont Fire Station, being near the front of the line for additional grant funding might be a longshot at this point. However, he added that there appeared to be funds remaining under the recent SAFER grant umbrella, so the department hasn’t given up hope some additional funding might come the County’s way for coming operational needs or equipment needs.

Fire Marshal Gerry Maiatico says County Emergency Services hasn’t given up hope some SAFER grant funding might not still find its way the County’s way. Below, Schools Superintendent Chris Ballenger outlined thus-far successful efforts to minimize pandemic exposure through the school system. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

Prior to the Closed Session County Public Schools Superintendent Dr. Chris Ballenger gave a detailed update on the school system’s status into this 2021 semester in the second year of COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic precautions. The report was positive, with no system schools on the state “outbreak” list. Responding to a question, Ballenger explained that approximately 40 students on a quarantine list were a result of home exposures, and precautions to prevent those out-of-school exposures from being carried into the schools. Families were urged to do due diligence on potential home exposures, to help the system “Protect Instruction” as the semester progresses. The primary goal being to keep as many students as possible in school and safe from Coronavirus exposure, along with their instructors.

The system, like others, is dealing with a shortage of substitute or replacement instructors due to the evolving Coronavirus situation with the more contagious Delta-variant-fueled Phase 4 remaining an issue.

A presentation by People Inc. representatives tied into a follow up by Warren County Department of Social Services Director Jon Martz. Martz pointed out he had me with People Inc. reps the previous days to coordinate efforts moving forward as economic hardships are exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

With Marshall Williams at the podium, People Inc.’s Samantha Barber explains efforts to help with living situations for those struggling economically in the region, including those trying to successfully rehabilitate after their release from jail. Below, WCDSS Director Jon Martz introduces new DSS Job Developer Brooke McClung.

Martz made one of several new staff introductions to the board, from his department Job Developer Brooke McClung. However, he also noted the loss of DSS staffer Samantha Edwards to another jurisdiction closer to her home. Edwards is leaving her county position tomorrow to become the DSS Assistant Director in Rappahannock County.

Others staffers headed this way introduced to the board Tuesday morning included Human Resources Director Jane Meadows and Finance Director Matt Robertson. Kayla Darr was noted for her work filling gaps in Admin during this time of staffing transitions.

County Administrator Ed Daley, left, reminds town officials they are invited to next Tuesday’s 6 p.m. Board Work Session for a regional water presentation by Frederick County officials.

During his County Administrator’s Report, Ed Daley reminded town officials of next week’s 6 p.m., Tuesday, October 12, work session in which the County will receive a Regional Water initiative presentation by Frederick County officials. Town Council and key staff have been invited to consider potential advantages of both municipalities moving in a regional water provider direction.

See these discussions and other business, including the monthly VDOT update, and a work session presentation on operations and staffing at the County Public Works Department, in the County video.

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Fall Farm Days: History of Sky Meadows @ Sky Meadows State Park
Historic Area.  During Fall Farm Days History Weekend, step back in time and see history come to life. Stroll through the Historic Area buildings, interact with our living historians and discover our links to historic[...]
11:00 am The Farmer’s Forge @ Sky Meadows State Park
The Farmer’s Forge @ Sky Meadows State Park
Oct 24 @ 11:00 am – 5:00 pm
The Farmer’s Forge @ Sky Meadows State Park
Blacksmith Shop in the Historic Area. The forge is fired up and the blacksmiths are hard at work in the Historic Area. Members of the Blacksmith Guild of the Potomac have set up shop and[...]
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