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High drama on day two of Sayre defamation suit against McDonald

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The Warren County Courthouse continues to be ground zero for EDA-related activity. Royal Examiner File Photos/Roger Bianchini

As Royal Examiner reported on September 11, that day Shenandoah District Supervisor Tom Sayre was awarded $20,000 of $25,000 in damages he was seeking in a General District Court defamation civil suit against former Front Royal-Warren County Economic Development Authority Executive Director Jennifer McDonald.

Sayre awarded $20,000 in defamation suit against former EDA director

While an overview of the case and Judge Ian Williams’ decision and damages ruling was presented in that linked story, there was quite a bit of courtroom drama that led up to that decision that went unreported due to time constraints. We will endeavor to fill in some of that detail now. And with neither side in the case requesting a court reporter for day two of the trial, this is the best you’re going to get.

As Sayre took the stand to open day two of his defamation lawsuit against McDonald there soon were tears from the plaintiff upon recalling the moment he discovered he had been implicated in a series of alleged criminal incidents targeting McDonald and the EDA headquarters.


Sayre based his $25,000 General District Court claim of defamation of character upon the presence of his office cell phone number and the instruction “Do not call Tom during business hours” on a crumpled note McDonald pointed out to Warren County Sheriff’s Office responders to her June 15, 2017 report of an act of vandalism at her home.

Sayre contended that the typed note, as well as the alleged criminal incidents to which it appeared linked, was fabricated either by McDonald or at her direction as a means to deflect attention from her activities as the EDA’s chief executive that led to her December 2018 resignation and current civil and criminal legal problems. Those problems include being a primary defendant in civil suits brought by the EDA and Town of Front Royal seeking recovery of as much as $20 million and $15 million, respectively; as well as 28 felony criminal indictments stemming from the EDA financial fraud investigation launched in September 2018.

Backdoor men – on April 16 it was not an illegal entry with no signs of forced entry when the FBI and VSP searched the EDA office complex, including the former executive director’s office which was locked down since her Dec. 20 resignation.

Though you might think it would be the defendant crying in this circumstance, it was the plaintiff’s tears that began shortly into direct examination by his attorney Tim Bosson. Asked how he found out he had been implicated in criminal activity targeting McDonald and the EDA, Sayre began to recall an August 2017 phone call from former Royal Examiner Editor Norma Jean Shaw telling him he needed “to protect” himself due to the above-cited references in the vandalism scene note.

“I was in the kitchen,” Sayre began haltingly, as he glanced over his shoulder from the witness chair toward his wife seated behind press row. Sayre’s testimony halted for several minutes as he tried to regain control of his emotions, sobbing gently at times.

Those tears eventually evolved into sometimes confrontational cross examination exchanges with McDonald attorney Lee Berlik that led to admonitions from the bench to Sayre not to critique Berlik’s questions to him: “These are yes and no answers – you were doing real well there for about eight seconds,” Judge Williams told Sayre at one point during the plaintiff’s nearly two-and-a-half hours on the stand.

The eight seconds of court-approved exchange between Berlik and Sayre referenced by Williams was Sayre’s reply to the question, “Did you ever tell the police that Mr. Bianchini (yes, this one) was suspected of cutting the brake wires on your car?”

After a slight pause Sayre replied, “I’m going to answer no,” elaborating that he had three suspects to what he testified was discovered to be sliced brake wires causing warning lights to come on and the vehicle not to start as his wife attempted to leave their property in their Chevy Traverse several years ago.

It would not be the only reference to your humble reporter during the day’s testimony and closing arguments. That is due to Bianchini’s (I hate referring to myself in the third person) day one testimony that McDonald told him details of the vandalism the afternoon of June 15, 2017, during a lengthy meeting at her office. It turned out that conversation came five to six hours before McDonald reported the stone-throwing vandalism of her home at 9:02 p.m. that evening. Also drawing attention to this reporter were the plaintiff’s day one introduction of a series of texts and emails between him and McDonald regarding the vandalism event at her home and her private investigator’s research into the incident.

They were messages largely concerning a potential suspect supposedly connected to Sayre as a past criminal client, who was approached about wearing a wire to draw an admission from Sayre to his involvement. McDonald’s Private Investigator Ken Pullen testified there was neither an ID’ed suspect nor any plan for wiring a suspect during his day one testimony on August 2.

Sayre – McDonald defamation suit continued to September 11

Asked by Berlik during cross examination if he had feared for his safety or that he might be murdered, Sayre explained that he feared McDonald or associates might kill him for crossing the then EDA executive director concerning the Workforce Housing Project. During a June 2017 county board-EDA work session Sayre and fellow county supervisor Archie Fox had questioned McDonald and EDA board Chairman Greg Drescher about the process of that project.

Archie Fox and Tom Sayre were skeptical of some answers given by McDonald and EDA board Chair Greg Drescher concerning the rationale and process of the EDA Workforce Housing project at a June 6, 2017, work session. However, such questions had been on table from media and one council source for eight months.

It was a project that bore questioning, as it evolved from a reported 2014 $10 “gift” from McDonald’s aunt and uncle for whom the EDA executive director maintained a real estate broker’s license and job, to a $445,000 “moral obligation” purchase of 3-1/2 acres by the EDA upon disclosure a previously unmentioned federal tax credit deadline had not been met in 2017. Of course Sayre and Fox weren’t the first to question that and other recent EDA projects. Councilwoman Bébhinn Egger and Royal Examiner had begun asking questions, particularly about Workforce Housing and the ITFederal project over the previous year.

First impression of EDA reply: 383 pages later what have we learned?

“There are people who get knocked off if they know too much,” Sayre explained, referencing the 1983 murder of Front Royal Police Sgt. Dennis Smedley, and another apparently fatal incident involving a local physician he identified as “Doctor Lind”.

“She talked about killing me … that she missed an opportunity to ‘take me out’,” Sayre told Berlik, adding of the still unsolved Smedley murder, “There is a theory he knew too much about drugs in the community.”

The give and take between McDonald’s attorney and Sayre led to Berlik’s closing argument that because the plaintiff believed something in his mind did not mean it was true, or that his client had caused those beliefs to formulate.

Berlik argued that Sayre’s fears were stoked more by Shaw’s phrasing of her warning phone call to him, the recollection of which led to Sayre’ initial battle with his emotions on the stand, more so than the actual presence of his number and the instruction “don’t call Tom during business hours” on the typed note pointed out by McDonald to first responders at the home vandalism scene.

This social media photo of Tom Sayre and Jennifer McDonald during the ITFederal ground breaking ceremony was referenced by Sayre during his testimony – he said it illustrated what he perceived to be a good working relationship with McDonald at the time.

Berlik also questioned whether Sayre had suffered any actual damage from the note and its contents. While Sayre testified he had gone from full-time legal practice to part-time in the wake of the note’s discovery, Berlik elicited the information that his salary at job he took upon cutting back his legal practice, as Human Resources Director at Seton Home School, paid him $93,000 to $95,000 with subsequent Cost Of Living (COLA) increases. However Sayre insisted he had taken about a $10,000 loss of income hit due to his employment shift.

Berlik also referenced previous testimony from witnesses who all indicated they did not believe Sayre’s reputation had been impacted in the community by the alleged conspiracy note.

Sayre countered that he had run into a woman during his current campaign for re-election who said she would not vote for him because of a belief he had been involved in the alleged incidents targeting McDonald. Asked her name by Berlik, Sayre could say only that she lived “up on Freezeland Road”.

Sayre also testified that he had a perhaps unexpected opponent in his run for re-election to the Shenandoah District Supervisors seat. Berlik asked if that opponent, identified as Walter Mabe, was running against him because he believed Sayre had been involved in a criminal targeting of McDonald.

“Where is he? … Where is the woman on Freezeland Road?” Berlik asked during closing arguments. His point to the court was that if either could provide evidence of the plaintiff’s assertion of damage to his reputation, why hadn’t they been produced as plaintiff witnesses.

“I don’t believe it happened,” Berlik said of the Freezeland Road encounter.

Sayre testified that Bianchini was just one of several he suspected might be involved in a brake line cutting incident on one of his vehicles several years ago. He also testified he had worked to repair the relationship with the reporter.

Berlik also questioned Sayre’s claim of emotional damage. The plaintiff said he suffered a great deal of stress and anxiety about his personal, professional and political future in the wake of information about the note circulating in the community. Sayre said he had talked to a priest, among others, though not in professional clinical treatment settings.

Defense counsel also cited a number of examples involving personal disputes with a variety of people to illustrate that the plaintiff was exceptionally thin-skinned and might take offense where others wouldn’t. Berlik pointed out that others implicated in the note, including Shaw and Michael Graham, had not filed defamation actions as a result.

Sayre attorney Bosson countered by saying the defense “eggshell” ego argument didn’t matter – that if his client was negatively impacted, as he asserted the plaintiff had illustrated he was, that was the bottom line in a defamation case.

“She was trying to destroy me – I called the BAR about it,” Sayre told Bosson on direct examination about fears for his professional future.

Noting his client has never been proved to have been the author of the vandalism scene conspiracy note, defense counsel Berlik pointed to others in the community who might have motive to attempt to set Sayre up for criminal acts out of various personal or professional conflicts with him.

Wait, what – WHO?!?

“We’re not saying Mr. Bianchini threw the rock – but they have a negative history. He had as much motive as anyone,” Berlik told the judge of testimony of past conflicts between the reporter and plaintiff including Sayre’s brake wire cutting suspicion of Bianchini and Bianchini’s filing of a 2011 stalking report involving Sayre around the time of the multi-million dollar SolAVerde tortious interference in a business contract lawsuit against Sayre and then fellow councilmen Chris Holloway and Carson Lauder.

However in his closing argument Sayre attorney Bosson pointed to the past tensions between the reporter and his client brought out by the defense as a positive for the plaintiff’s case. “In a way Mr. Berlik is our best witness – he’s gone out of his way to show Mr. Bianchini doesn’t like Mr. Sayre; so his (Bianchini’s) bias is in the opposite direction.”

Defense counsel Berlik argued that it was Sayre himself, upon being informed of the note and its contents by Shaw in August 2017, who had done the most to spread the information he was implicated throughout the community.

However plaintiff counsel countered that McDonald had played Bianchini with the “off the record” information about the note and investigation in order to get the information spread into the community.

Sayre was asked on the stand about Bianchini’s testimony that he only told four “close associates”, three professional and his long-time girlfriend, in confidence about the information he had gotten from McDonald about her PI’s investigation into the vandalism situation.

“I think he may have forgotten how many people he told,” Sayre replied. (Why is everybody picking on my memory?!? – What were we writing about?)

Bianchini reflective, perhaps pondering suing everyone who has ever questioned his memory due to all the existential emotional angst it has caused him over the years …

In the end the case revolved around two primary arguments – who was a likely author or architect of the note and the reported crimes against McDonald and the EDA offices; and were there actual damages involved, or just Mr. Sayre’s perception of damage where none actually existed.

In closing Bosson said the plaintiff didn’t have to prove McDonald herself wrote the note or threw the rock through her front door window.

“She told Mr. Bianchini that afternoon – how does she know about a crime that hasn’t happened? We are not saying she threw the brick or that she wrote the note. What we are saying is Ms. McDonald knows who threw the brick; what we are saying is Ms. McDonald knows what was in the draft note – she was the one behind it …

“This was all a scam by her to deflect attention off of herself – she may have thought it was for kicks to implicate Tom Sayre in a crime,” Bosson told the court, referencing both the home vandalism and McDonald’s report in May 2017 of a break in at the EDA headquarters.

On the stand Sayre expressed distress at being tied to racial slurs on one of the photos of McDonald and family members discovered at the EDA office after McDonald reported a break-in there on May 17, 2017, about a month before the reported vandalism at her home. The vandalism scene note referenced “Norma Jean” and “the Examiner” waiting for information supposedly taken from the EDA office that day.

At the time Shaw was exploring the large amounts of cash McDonald was using in her real estate business transactions, as well as the presence of the Sheriff as an agent on one of McDonald’s two real estate companies.

McDonald approached this reporter in January 2018 concerning his interest in a story about what she said was a three-year lucky streak at the Hollywood Casino slot machines netting her around $2 million in winnings. State Police report a different outcome, about $750,000 in losses, including what she won over that period.

“This is far from a simple case,” Judge Williams said after a 10 minute recess to formulate his ruling. He cited four elements of defamation: 1/ publication, or perhaps in this case dissemination; 2/ an actionable statement; 3/ recklessness; 4/ false and defamatory information.

Noting that both parties were public figures constantly under public scrutiny, the judge observed, “They must be thick skinned about such things – but they don’t need to be thick skinned about malice.”

Williams said the evidence must be viewed in its totality, rather than compartmentalized.

“The plaintiff has evidence that the defendant had compelling reasons to use the plaintiff as a dupe in this,” the judge said referencing EDA/County Attorney Dan Whitten’s testimony that “things were falling apart” at the time and that “the defendant had reason to keep a lid on it … She had a reckless disregard for truth” and “reason to shift attention from herself to another public figure,” Judge Williams observed.

What, me worry? Why would municipal and EDA officials worry over McDonald’s suddenly publicly-admitted gambling habit – if she’s winning, it’s not a problem, right?

Conflicting resolutions

Judge Williams then referenced the different outcome he was about to render to the not guilty verdict in McDonald’s criminal misdemeanor false police report case last October 31. Judge W. Dale Houff dismissed the case against McDonald regarding her reported vandalism of June 15, 2017, at her home. That case was initially developed by FRPD investigators based on information supplied by this reporter during a police interview  the morning of June 16, 2017. After nearly a year the warrant was brought forward by the Virginia State Police on June 13, 2018.

Judge Williams said it was unfortunate the outcomes were conflicting, adding of a key witness in both trials, “Mr. Bianchini’s memory seem to have been rehabilitated.”

The reference was to McDonald criminal attorney David Crump’s October 31, 2018 cross examination question to this witness about a notation on EDA Administrative Assistant Missy Henry’s 2017 calendar about an alleged meeting Bianchini had scheduled with McDonald at 9:30 a.m. Friday morning, June 16. It was then that McDonald and her attorney asserted Bianchini was told about the vandalism of the previous evening at her home, rather than the previous afternoon as he claimed.

Like McDonald, Henry has since been indicted on criminal felony charges related to the EDA financial fraud investigation, though in Henry’s case only two indictments related to disbursement of EDA assets related to the EDA-financed B&G Goods operation in the old Stokes Mart building.

But as Bianchini testified in this defamation trial, if he admitted to an “imperfect memory” and expressed confusion on the stand last October, it was confusion about whether he had scheduled a meeting with McDonald for that Friday morning 16 months earlier, rather than confusion about the Thursday meeting.

And Judge Williams noted that two witnesses called in this defamation trial corroborated key aspects of Bianchini’s testimony. Those witnesses were former EDA Marketing Director Marla Jones and FRPD Investigator Landin Waller. Neither was called as a witness by the prosecution in McDonald’s 2018 false police report trial.

On August 2, 2019, Jones testified that Bianchini was in McDonald’s EDA office for an extended period of time behind closed doors on Thursday afternoon, June 15, 2017, around 3 p.m. She also testified that she did not see Bianchini in the office the following morning. It was that Friday morning that Jones told FRPD investigators that McDonald had told her about the vandalism; and that the two talked for much of the morning.

Also on day one of the defamation trial last month Investigator Waller confirmed that Bianchini had informed him and Captain Crystal Cline in an interview the morning of June 16, 2017, between 10:40 a.m. and 11:30 a.m. about receiving the information about the vandalism from McDonald the previous afternoon.

And as Bianchini testified on day one of this defamation trial, had he been told about the vandalism at a meeting with McDonald within an hour of arriving for his interview at FRPD’s investigative headquarters, he would not have forgotten that – “I probably would have had to go straight from the EDA office to police headquarters,” Bianchini observed on the stand during his August 2 testimony.

And as Bianchini told fellow reporter Josh Gully during a phone interview for his story on the defamation trial, “Anyone can write anything on a calendar at any time”; and that if a meeting had once been scheduled with McDonald for June 16, 2017, it had previously been cancelled.

But without the corroborating witness testimony and no redirect examination to explain his hesitancy in response to the June 16, 2017 morning meeting question posed by the McDonald defense on October 31, 2018, Judge Houff dismissed the criminal case against McDonald without the defense even having to present its case.

However 10-1/2 months later the civil litigation surrounding McDonald’s vandalism report would have a different outcome.

As previously reported, after hearing nearly 3-1/2 hours of testimony and arguments on day two of the trial, Judge Williams awarded Sayre $5,000 in damages, $15,000 in punitive damages, and $676 in court filing costs. McDonald has 10 days from the judgment to file an appeal to Circuit Court.

Settle down boys

In another ruling, Williams declined to impose sanctions on either attorney for their conduct in or out of court during this case.

“There has been some hostility in this case … at times moderate to heavy … about what a dog the opponent was,” Williams said of the attorneys, describing “braggadocio” from both sides on how tough they were going to be in seeking a successful resolution for their clients.

In fact as Bosson and Berlik argued a motions point during last Wednesday’s hearing, Judge Williams admonished them at one point, “Now both of you, sit down.”

Despite the theatrics and contentious nature of the case, Williams said, “I am not inclined to sanction either side in this case.”

Bosson argued for some sanction against Berlik for attempting to bury the plaintiff in motions filing in the case’s earlier days. In fact during a March hearing the number of motions filings and legal hours spent on the case led the judge to question how much money the two sides were spending in a case with a maximum recovery cap of $25,000.

“It’s very curious – but I’m giving you more time to arrange the deck chairs on the Titanic,” Williams famously observed of the hours and expense of the case on March 30 when he put a lid on further motions hearings.

In fact costs were a point of testimony during Sayre’s lengthy cross examination last week. Berlik asked the plaintiff if his legal costs had reached $77,000. Sayre replied, “No, they are much less than that,” estimating them at $6,000.

Following the trial’s adjournment outside the courthouse Bosson explained to the media that he had taken a flat up-front fee of $6,000, with a percentage of the award granted by the court. Typical percentage arrangements could add another $6,000 to Sayre’s legal fees.

While Bosson indicated he and his office had actually put $77,000 worth of legal time into the case, he said he had taken the reduced fee arrangement because he thought it was the right thing to do for his client in this particular legal circumstance.

Tom Sayre, left, and attorney Tim Bosson outside the courthouse following awarding of $20,000 in Sayre’s $25,000 defamation suit against Jennifer McDonald. How much did you say you were making at that human resources director’s job, Bosson may be have been thinking.

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EDA in Focus

‘Ghosts of EDA Loans Past’ come back to haunt county supervisors

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The most interesting part of Tuesday evening’s Warren County Board of Supervisors meeting was likely behind closed doors after the board adjourned to Closed/Executive Session for a legal-based answer to North River Supervisor Delores Oates question as to what benefit to the County and its taxpayers there was in approval of a Resolution admitting a “moral obligation” to continue to pay the debt service on bank loans made by the EDA during its developing financial scandal, circa 2016 or so. There was one of three loans at issue of particular interest – the $10-million-dollar loan to Truc “Curt” Tran’s ITFederal company poised to jumpstart commercial redevelopment at the 149-acre portion of the former Avtex Superfund site known as the Royal Phoenix Business Park.

North River Supervisor Delores Oates particularly wondered why it remains in the County’s interest to continue covering debt service on the Town/EDA-sponsored ITFederal loan. Anxious to see commercial redevelopment begin on a portion of the former Avtex Superfund site in town, the Front Royal Town Council made a one-month, which grew to three-months, ‘bridge loan’ of $10-million to the ITFederal project to illustrate Town support of that project to a skeptical bank targeted to finance the project. Below, five-plus years later an unoccupied, un-permitted building constructed at an estimated cost of $2 million or less memorializes the entire debacle. Further below, I guess the building looks kind of like what ITFederal presented back in 2016 – at least the first floor. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

Of particular interest, because the “moral obligation” for that loan was initially believed covered by the Town of Front Royal, whose elected officials agreed to provide a $10-million-dollar “bridge loan” requested by then EDA Executive Director Jennifer McDonald to indicate to First Bank and Trust that “the community” stood behind the loan and proposed project it supported. That request for and Town show of financial support for the ITFed project came despite the fact the company showed virtually no assets other than the three acres at the Royal Phoenix/Avtex site valued at slightly over $2-million-dollars that was “gifted” to the company by the EDA behind closed doors for one dollar.

A clue to what the county supervisors heard over about 15 minutes in Closed Session may have been offered by the board’s action out of it. After some hesitancy in response to the Chair’s call for a motion on the Resolution, Oates’ motion for approval of the “EDA First Bank and Trust Support Agreement”, seconded by Walt Mabe, passed by a unanimous roll call vote. The vote commits the County to continue to absorb those “moral obligation” payments through the Fiscal Year 2021-22 at an estimated cost of $214,000.


In open session, responding to questions about the Resolution in support of the “EDA First Bank and Trust Support Agreement”, County Administrator Ed Daley mentioned consolidation of three loans, including the above-mentioned ITFederal loan (at $9,551,500), as well as a First Bank and Trust Line of Credit ($8,691,600), and a First Bank of Strasburg loan ($3,450,000). Contacted later, Daley cited one condition that would bring the EDA’s payments to the bank on the ITFederal loan in line with what ITFederal pays the EDA monthly at about $42,000. Before the EDA payments fluctuated to more or less than the ITFed payments, sometimes as much as $7,000 a month more.

After County Administrator Ed Daley, left, summarized the proposed ‘First Bank and Trust Support Agreement’ and Supervisor Oates asked ‘Why?’ the County should continue to assume moral obligation payments it may not be responsible for, Interim County Attorney Jason Ham, right, suggested a Closed Session might be most appropriate to answer that question.

Despite the commitment to an estimated $214,000 in payments through this fiscal year, the board’s unanimous vote in support of its moral obligation payments likely reflects negative consequences were the County to bail on covering an EDA debt mid-fiscal year. But again, the agreement is only to the end of the current fiscal year, June 30, 2022. What might the future of “moral obligations” related to the “Ghost of EDA Loans Past” bring in FY-2022-23? – Stay tuned for another seasonal episode of “A Front Royal-Warren County EDA Carol”.

Thermal Shelter bathrooms

County Administrator Daley was also prominent in responding to another matter raised by three speakers during Public Comments about things, not on the meeting agenda. That was the elimination of two bathrooms in the Health and Human Services Complex at the old 15th Street middle school utilized by the County and involved churches and civic organizations to house the community’s homeless indoors at night during the winter. Opening that discussion was First Baptist Church Pastor Christy McMillin-Goodwin, followed by Aneita Bryant and Jim Bunce.

First Baptist Church Pastor Christy McMillin-Goodwin opened Public Comments discussion of how communications broke down between involved Thermal Shelter parties on the removal and delayed replacement of indoor bathrooms nearest the winter homeless shelter.

That trio said an alternate plan for mobile outdoor restrooms was unadvisable due to security and additional personnel to monitor out-of-building night trips, as well as potential severe weather issues. Noting a replacement plan that would not have new indoor facilities in place in time for this winter’s thermal shelter setup, these speakers wondered how the removal plan had been initiated without notice to those involved in helping the County operate the thermal shelter. Bryant suggested allowing access to the next closest indoor facilities.

In responding, Daley said he had been at point for the County in initiating the bathroom removal due to failing pipes that caused toilet backup issues. He said he had envisioned a much quicker turnaround in replacing the removed indoor facilities in that section of the building than ended up being the case. He promised to work proactively with those involved to see that an adequate alternate overnight option was available when the thermal shelter opens as winter arrives.

Public Hearings

Also Tuesday following public hearings, the board unanimously approved three Conditional Use Permit applications, two for short-term tourist rentals and one for a private use campground. Following application summaries by Planning Department Deputy Director Matt Wendling the first two CUP applications, Charles and Lou Ann Dotson’s for the Private Use Campground on their property on Burma Road in the Man-Da-Lay Subdivision; and Jacob W. Lott Jr. and Sandra J. Kiepfer for a short-term tourist rental on their 1.6-acre lot on Little Indian Road in the Blue Mountain Subdivision in Linden went to a vote with no public hearing speakers. Wendling did note that a letter from the chairman of the Blue Mountain Property Owners Association had been received, expressing “no problem” with Lott and Kiepfer’s short-term tourist rental application.

Up last were Nicole and Sean McMinn with a short-term tourist rental permit application for their 2.42-acre property on Sagar Drive in the Highland Estates Subdivision in the Fork District. Again, there were no public speakers after the applicants responded to the board chair’s offer to summarize their request. The D.C.-based couple told the board they had run into little opposition from neighbors, and what opposition there had been from neighbors was not from those closest, but with property over a thousand feet from theirs.

Nicole McMinn and her husband Sean marshaled neighbor and tourism-related business support for their short-term tourist rental permit application.

And while there were no public speakers, the McMinns noted a number of letters to the board from supporters of their short-term tourist rental CUP application, which they asked to be read into the meeting record. Board Clerk Emily Ciarrocchi then read nine letters of support, including one with “25 to 30” signatures. Several of the letters, including one from the owner of the Downriver Canoe Company, noted positive impacts on tourism-related businesses from short-term renters. One letter noted, “They come; they spend; they leave”.

The board then made its final unanimous vote of approval on a motion by Archie Fox in whose district the applicant’s property lies, seconded by Walt Mabe.

Following that vote, Happy Creek Supervisor Tony Carter noted a “Bless you” included in one of the letters read by the clerk that was well-timed to a sneeze by someone present in the government center meeting room.

Approaching an election he chose not to be a part of two days after Halloween this year, Tony Carter was on a comic roll Tuesday evening suggesting politician as perhaps the scariest costume for the Oct. 31 to Nov. 2 window.

In fact, facing a future out of the public eye politically – Carter did not file to be on the ballot for reelection to his Happy Creek seat in November – Carter appeared at times Tuesday to be auditioning for Comedy Club spots during his member report and at various other times during the meeting. In fact, his coming local election, Halloween costume advice during his member report led three of his four colleagues to decline to try and “follow that act”.

See all the fun, business, and other public perspectives, including opening Public Comments speaker Michael Williams question as to whether a recent church-sponsored candidates forum in which the moderator was shown prior to the forum to have contributed to one church-associated candidate’s campaign could threaten that church’s tax-exempt status on U.S. Constitutional separation of church and state guidelines, in the County video:

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EDA gets McDonald company property as part of settlement agreement

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On Wednesday, October 20, Warren County Economic Development Authority Board of Directors Chairman Jeff Browne verified the EDA’s acquisition of the 41-acre “Happy Creek Road” parcel owned by former EDA Executive Director Jennifer McDonald’s Moveon8 real estate LLC. Acquisition of the undeveloped property assessed at just over a million dollars according to county court records is part of the $9-million-dollar no-fault settlement agreement reached between the EDA, McDonald, and the Harrisonburg Bankruptcy Court handling McDonald’s 2020 bankruptcy filing. The EDA will now be able to market the property as a developable EDA asset. It is located near the intersection of Happy Creek Road and Leach Run Parkway.

Browne said that in addition to receiving full value on the Happy Creek parcel, the EDA was in line to receive a percentage of the sale price of other McDonald assets distributed through the bankruptcy court proceeding. Exactly how close those percentages might get the EDA to the $9-million-dollar settlement figure remains to be seen. It was not immediately clear as to whether the EDA will have an outright full value claim to any other McDonald-held properties or assets.

The FBI and VSP were both involved in the April 2019 search of McDonald’s former office; below, being locked down after her resignation under mounting investigatory pressure by her board on Dec. 20, 2018. Royal Examiner File Photos by Roger Bianchini

McDonald is the central figure in the EDA financial scandal that began unravelling in mid-to-late 2018. She resigned in December 2018 under mounting pressure from her board of directors. She has been accused in civil and criminal court of utilizing her EDA position to misdirect EDA assets to her and others personal benefit. Western District of Virginia federal authorities have taken over the criminal side of the EDA case after a state special prosecutor’s office in Harrisonburg dropped criminal charges against McDonald and as many as 23 co-defendants due to speedy trial concerns as it wrestled with the volume of evidentiary material – estimated at 800,000 to over a million pages at the time. With charges against some defendants originating with the county commonwealth attorney’s office that initially handled the criminal investigation during Brian Madden’s tenure heading the department, failure to meet speedy trial timelines could have led to defense motions for dismissal of criminal charges against the defendants.


Jennifer McDonald booked during state criminal prosecution process in 2019.

On August 31, 2021, federal prosecutors made their initial move, handing down a 34-count indictment against McDonald. Of those 34 counts, 16 were for money laundering, 10 for bank fraud, 7 for wire fraud, and 1 count of aggravated identity theft regarding someone identified as “T.T.” – ITFederal principal Truc Tran perhaps?

ITFederal principal Truc ‘Curt’ Tran on site at EDA parking lot, adjacent to his now floundering construction project, on Dec. 20, 2018, the day Jennifer McDonald resigned as executive director of EDA. Tran expressed distress at the potential of McDonald’s departure at the time. Could Tran, whose $10-million loan for the Royal Phoenix project was the largest single item listed in the initial EDA civil litigation, have now accused McDonald of ‘aggravated identity theft’ regarding EDA financial dealings with him and his company?

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EDA completes audits for 2018 and 2019; 2020 audit is next

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The Board of Directors of the Front Royal and Warren County Economic Development Authority accepted its audited financial statements for fiscal years 2018 and 2019, today, October 5, 2021. The audit of the financial statements was conducted by the firm of Brown Edwards, CPAs of Harrisonburg, VA.

“We have received the final outside audits conducted for 2018 and 2019,” said EDA Board Chairman Jeff Browne.  “This was a huge effort on the part of Brown Edwards, and they have done very good work in challenging circumstances. Getting these two financial audits completed is a major step forward in putting the EDA’s past difficulties behind us. Now we can better focus on economic development issues to benefit the community.”

“The auditors’ letter points to three areas for improvement of internal controls,” Browne said. “It was important to make each improvement recommended by the CPAs, and we have done just that. The Warren County staff now administer the check-writing duties, collection of rents, and have layers of approvals for expenses within EDA and the County administration that were not there three years ago.”

The audited financial statements show that, at the end of the fiscal year 2019, the EDA’s total net assets were $38,036,737, and its net liabilities were $44,575,435, resulting in a deficit net position of $6,538,698. The EDA will work with Warren County’s auditors starting with the fiscal year 2020, which audit can now be undertaken.


Final Financial Statement 10-5-21

Final Letter to governance

 The EDA Board of Directors will have their next regular monthly board meeting via Zoom on Friday, October 29, 2021, at 9 a.m.

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EDA in Focus

EDA reminds rental tenants, Small Business Loan Program clients to now send payments to WCGC

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Starting October 1, 2021, the Warren County Finance Department will take over and manage payments made to the EDA for rents and the Small Business Loan Program (RBEL and IRP). The EDA will no longer be accepting payments at their office or office address.

Please continue to make your check or money order to the EDA. You must hand-carry or send your payments to:

Warren County Government
ATTN: Finance Department
220 N. Commerce Ave.
Front Royal, VA 22630

Any payments sent to the EDA will be returned. As a result, you may incur fees for late payment. We appreciate your cooperation. Thank you for your attention to this matter.


(Press Release)

 

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EDA in Focus

EDA briefed on structural and legal options in closed session; gets open session updates on committee work during transition phases

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The EDA Board of Directors met Friday, September 24, for their regular monthly meeting. The Board went into closed session for approximately 90 minutes to discuss transition, personnel, 2018- 2019 draft audits, loan restructuring, and disposition of property. The Board returned to open session at approximately 10:20 a.m. Jeff Browne, EDA Chair, opened the session with an overview of the transition. Browne asked each board member to report on their assigned transition project.

EDA Board Chair Jeff Browne, red shirt at the head of the EDA ‘roundtable’, prepares to get committee chair reports on their work as the EDA transitions toward new staff and possibly a new administrative structure under consideration by the County Supervisors. Supervisors Chair Cheryl Cullers and Walt Mabe were present for the briefings. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

Search Committee-Transition: Dr. Tom Patteson, reported the committee met and reviewed applications. Three applications were submitted to the county administrator. The county and EDA will work together in selecting replacements for the Administrative Assistant and Executive Director.

Finance Committee-Transition: Jim Wolfe reported the “numbers” on the 2108 and 2019 audits are final. Jim Wolfe stated the management letter will be revised and recommended a special meeting for next week to finalize and accept the audits for 2018 and 2019. The Board agreed and the date of the meeting will be announced. Mr. Wolfe will also be meeting with the finance personnel at the county in the next several weeks.


Marketing Committee-Transition: Scott Jenkins, Chair reported the 38-page PowerPoint presentation is complete. The marketing material can be tailored to specific clients. The marketing is targeted on the Core Industries: Advance Manufacturing, Transportation and Logistics, Information Technologies, and Food Processing. Scott reviewed documents and key data. The marketing material is organized and stored on the EDA network. The September Marketing Committee report included other updates and visions including Small Business opportunities, focus on the Strategic Plan, and marketing opportunities with VEDP, Site Selector Guild, and Trade shows in 2022.

Administration Committee-Transition: Jorie Martin reported Gretchen Henderson prepared an Operation Manual for future reference. The manual is detailed in all the operations of the office including resources to use. The new administrative assistant as well as the EDA Board are well prepared to transition smoothly. Mrs. Martin reported The EDA now has the capability to update portions of the website in-house. This week a meeting section was added so the public can go to the site and see upcoming meetings.

Jorie Martin launches into her Administration Committee report, noting that departed Administrative Assistant Gretchen Henderson had prepared what she termed ‘a bible’ for EDA administrative operations for her successor, wherever they are located, to work from. Below, Asset Committee Chair Greg Harold reported the development of ‘The Stage Gate’, a comprehensive document standardizing the process for disposition of EDA-held property.

Asset Committee: Greg Harold reported the transition and updates on the assets of the EDA were complete. Doug Parsons worked closely to make sure all projects are up to date.

Greg Harold presented the Project Management – Stage-Gate: The Stage-Gate is a comprehensive document standardizing the process for disposition of property. The document will be reviewed and discussed at length at the October board meeting.

Motions coming out of Closed Session: The Board approved the technical revisions to the EDA By-Laws adopted at the August meeting. The Board approved the Board Chair, and Secretary to sign documents for the restructuring of the EDA debt with First Bank and Trust. All documents will be reviewed by legal counsel.

Other items that the Board of Directors addressed included an expression of gratitude for all the work done by Executive Director, Doug Parsons. Jeff Browne expressed and the boards’ appreciation for all the hard work and effort to bring the EDA where it is today. Through Doug’s efforts, the EDA has sold property, expanded business, and brought new business to the town and county.

The next monthly EDA Board Meeting is scheduled for October 22, 2021.

 

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EDA in Focus

County moves toward restructured EDA staffing in hopes of restored municipal cooperation – 6 CUPs approved, 5 for short-term tourist rentals

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At its meeting of Tuesday evening, September 21st, the Warren County Board of Supervisors made the first official move toward an altered structure of its, and the Town’s, Economic Development Authority futures. That move was unanimous 5-0 approval, on a motion by Delores Oates, seconded by Walt Mabe, of County Administrator Ed Daley’s presentation of a “Request to Create a Warren County Office of Economic Development”. As reported in our recent story, County work session takes unexpected turn on EDA front – ‘Reunited’ operational option broached, the supervisors elected to have Daley forwarded an idea originally slated for Closed Session discussion at a September 14 work session, in open session that day. That idea is to have an Economic Development Director’s staff position under the municipal government umbrella, rather than as a staff position hired by the board of an independent Economic Development Authority (EDA), albeit an EDA board appointed by the municipal government or governments that created it.

In response to Tony Carter’s question about involving the existing EDA Board in this restructuring process, County Administrator Ed Daley, below, said they were alerted to the potential of it prior to Doug Parsons announced resignation. Royal Examiner Photos by Roger Bianchini

As we understand it from subsequent conversations with Daley following last week’s supervisors’ work session, that in-house EDA director’s position would work in the best interest of both the county’s municipal governments, networking what it appears at this point will continue to evolve into two unilateral Town and County EDAs. Now theoretically, both the existing WC EDA and FREDA – the Front Royal EDA that is in the interview stage of establishing a board of directors – could create their own independent Offices of Economic Development with their own executive directors. But the impetus after last Thursday’s resurrected Town-County Liaison Committee meeting appears to be to work together to select an executive director who will work to the mutual benefit of both municipalities while networking with two EDA Boards of Directors.

Confusing? Perhaps – but it would cut payment of the six-figure salary range position in half if both municipalities could agree on the concept and a person to fill that conceptual central administrative position. For with a statewide trend toward regional EDA cooperation in a highly competitive economic development environment, what future would this community’s economic development have with dueling EDAs competing, not only with other regional governments’ economic development structures but with each other’s, particularly when the WC EDA has control of significant portions of economic development properties inside the town limits?


The answer to that question has, perhaps, already been given in the pending October 1st departure of WC EDA Executive Director Doug Parsons, to a county directly to our east where as one local observed upon hearing the news, “Warrenton isn’t suing Fauquier County” (or perhaps more accurately, its EDA).

And a move toward “us and us” from “us versus them” in County-Town relations was a reoccurring theme for several supervisors involved in last week’s first Liaison Committee meeting since January. Both Board Chair Cheryl Cullers and Delores Oates commented on the positive feeling they carried out of that meeting that the deteriorated relationship featuring hostile litigation involving the Town and existing WC EDA, and canceled face-to-face meetings of elected officials on matters of mutual interest, might be turning a corner. Of course, as the third county board member at that Liaison Committee meeting, Walt Mabe, wondered during it: Why can’t we return to one, re-tooled EDA working to both the County’s and Town’s benefit, with one executive director not alleged to have had their hands in both municipalities’ economic development pockets?

And in a loosely related item, as part of the September 24th WC EDA monthly board meeting, departing Executive Director Doug Parsons’ last, the agenda includes the information that the long-awaited 2018 and 2019 EDA audits have been completed by the contracted auditing company and are awaiting EDA Board approval. Stay tuned for more developments on the auditing front. – Maybe the completed audits could even establish exactly how much of whose money went where and is owed to who by whom, negating the necessity for the continued dueling Town-WC EDA civil litigations. As previously reported, the sitting council ignored then-Mayor Gene Tewalt’s 2019 advice to accept the offer of the WC EDA to sit down with accountants rather than attorneys to follow the money to establish exactly who was owed what on the back end of the EDA’s now $62-million-dollar financial scandal.

Shenandoah Shores Short-Term Tourist Rental applicants Jilian Greenfield and Richard Butcher brought the supporting ‘troops’ comprised largely of neighbors in support of their application to head off any continuation of a questionable Shores POA assertion the use was forbidden by neighborhood covenants. The Public Hearing count was 13-0 in support of their proposal, which passed unanimously.

But off that “movie script”, in other business the supervisors approved six Conditional Use Permit (CUP) requests Tuesday, five for Short-Term Tourist Rentals, and one for alterations to a Kennel Permit. See all these discussions, public comments, and votes in the County video; and see the meeting agenda cover page with the full list of CUP application public hearings linked here:

 

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King Cartoons

Front Royal
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Feels like: 55°F
Wind: 17mph WNW
Humidity: 57%
Pressure: 29.63"Hg
UV index: 3
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Upcoming Events

Oct
28
Thu
10:00 am Senior Painting Class with Dottie @ Strokes of Creativity
Senior Painting Class with Dottie @ Strokes of Creativity
Oct 28 @ 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
Senior Painting Class with Dottie @ Strokes of Creativity
Senior Painting Class with Dottie at Strokes of Creativity. Tickets: CLICK HERE Cost: $80 for 6 weeks Dates: Thursdays – Oct 21, Oct 28, Nov 4, Nov 11, Nov 18, Dec 4 Time: 10 am[...]
1:00 pm Art Class for 4th & 5th @ Strokes of Creativity
Art Class for 4th & 5th @ Strokes of Creativity
Oct 28 @ 1:00 pm – 2:00 pm
Art Class for 4th & 5th @ Strokes of Creativity
This class is for Grades 4th and 5th. Perfect for home schoolers. Recommended ages: 9 and 10 years old Tickets: CLICK HERE Tickets are available through Square Up, or can be paid in person at[...]
7:00 pm Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
Oct 28 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
White Horse Auto Wash is excited for the first Haunted Tunnel at their new Front Royal location this year! Located next to Lowe’s at 214 Country Club Road, Front Royal, VA. The event will be[...]
Oct
29
Fri
9:00 am Volunteer Tree Planting @ Sky Meadows State Park
Volunteer Tree Planting @ Sky Meadows State Park
Oct 29 @ 9:00 am – 3:00 pm
Volunteer Tree Planting @ Sky Meadows State Park
Edmonds Lane Field: Join The Piedmont Environmental Council, Friends of the Rappahannock, Goose Creek Association, John Marshall Soil & Water Conservation District and We Plant Trees, for volunteer tree planting at Sky Meadows State Park![...]
6:00 pm Trunk or Treat @ Family Dollar Parking Lot
Trunk or Treat @ Family Dollar Parking Lot
Oct 29 @ 6:00 pm – Oct 30 @ 9:00 pm
Trunk or Treat @ Family Dollar Parking Lot
Non-profit organization Crown Vic Kiings & Queens, of Winchester, Virginia, is hosting our annual car club TRUNK OR TREAT, in Front Royal, on October 29th. The event is free but donations are greatly appreciated, as[...]
7:00 pm Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
Oct 29 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
White Horse Auto Wash is excited for the first Haunted Tunnel at their new Front Royal location this year! Located next to Lowe’s at 214 Country Club Road, Front Royal, VA. The event will be[...]
Oct
30
Sat
9:00 am Volunteer Tree Planting @ Sky Meadows State Park
Volunteer Tree Planting @ Sky Meadows State Park
Oct 30 @ 9:00 am – 3:00 pm
Volunteer Tree Planting @ Sky Meadows State Park
Edmonds Lane Field: Join The Piedmont Environmental Council, Friends of the Rappahannock, Goose Creek Association, John Marshall Soil & Water Conservation District and We Plant Trees, for volunteer tree planting at Sky Meadows State Park![...]
1:00 pm Fall Craft Festival @ Fort Valley Museum
Fall Craft Festival @ Fort Valley Museum
Oct 30 @ 1:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Fall Craft Festival @ Fort Valley Museum
Fort Valley Museum Fall Craft Festival – Annual Fundraiser October 30 & 31, 2021 | Saturday 1-4pm, Sunday 2-5pm Come by and support the Fort Valley Museum at our annual Fall Craft Festival (formerly “Christmas[...]
1:00 pm Feed the Homeless Trunk or Treat @ T-Bone's Bar & Grill
Feed the Homeless Trunk or Treat @ T-Bone's Bar & Grill
Oct 30 @ 1:00 pm – 8:00 pm
Feed the Homeless Trunk or Treat @ T-Bone's Bar & Grill
Non-profit organization Crown Vic Kiings & Queens, of Winchester, Virginia, is hosting our annual car club FEED THE HOMELESS/TRUNK OR TREAT on October 30th. The event is free but donations are greatly appreciated, as Crown[...]
7:00 pm Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
Oct 30 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Haunted Tunnel Auto Wash @ White Horse Auto Wash
White Horse Auto Wash is excited for the first Haunted Tunnel at their new Front Royal location this year! Located next to Lowe’s at 214 Country Club Road, Front Royal, VA. The event will be[...]