The children’s playground game Hopscotch is so universal across cultures and so ancient that in the fifth century, B.C., it appeared on Gautama Buddha’s list of games he would not play.
Through most cultures, hopscotch, known by many different names, has been a standard for playgrounds and considered wholesome, as well.
It’s a simple game that can soak up a lot of kid energy and it is easy to play. Simply draw a grid of eight to 10 numbered squares on a flat surface. Typically, single squares are drawn on top of each other, interrupted by a double square, then a single, and then another double. The player throws a small rock on the first square, then hops over it, and hops to each square, straddling the double squares. Then the player turns around and hops back, this time picking up the rock. If the player manages to hop all the squares without touching a line or losing balance, then he can pick up the rock and throw it to square two, and so forth until the whole course is achieved. If the player touches a line, the next player is up.
As you might imagine, the game has many variations, some with complicated hopping rules, with hops crossing legs, or even dance moves, and many different forms for the course. Poet Maya Angelou’s Harlem Hopscotch gives the game a soulful, jazzy reputation and a music video (see it on oprah.com) suggests that just no one can resist a hopscotch course.
The first documented mention of hopscotch was in prehistoric India around 1200, B.C. In the English-speaking world, the first written reference was in the 1600s, when it was called scotch-hop.
But the hopping game has many musical names: In the Persian language, it is laylay; in Hindi, kit kit; in the Tagalog language, piko or kiki; in the Visayas language, bikabix; in Ghana, tumatu.
FedNow: Ushering in an Era of Instant Money Transfers
The Federal Reserve’s New Leap Toward Real-Time Payments.
The frustration of waiting days for money transfers may soon be a thing of the past for American consumers and businesses. The Federal Reserve’s fresh-out-of-the-oven instant payment service, aptly named FedNow, is geared up to redefine the pace and efficacy of monetary transactions.
Traditionally, the Automated Clearing House (ACH) system has been the backbone for banks to process payments, a method often mired by its sluggish three-day clearing and settlement process. Under ACH, banks first exchange and verify payment details (clearing) before the actual fund transfer (settlement) is executed.
FedNow aims to bypass this prolonged waiting period by introducing real-time processing and settlement of transactions. This means users can experience almost instantaneous money transfers, regardless of weekends or public holidays, eliminating the conventional banking downtime.
However, there’s a slight catch. Consumers won’t directly enroll in the FedNow service. Instead, it’s up to their respective banks to integrate with the service. While this does come at a cost to the banks, it remains uncertain if and how these charges might trickle down to the average consumer.
Yet, the potential benefits are undeniably tempting. Imagine being able to clear bills right on the due date or making time-sensitive transactions without a hiccup. Such seamless transactions could significantly reduce overdrawn accounts and late payment fees and even lessen the reliance on physical cash and checks.
Though officially launched at July’s end, the system isn’t entirely new to the scene. Approximately 120 banks have already been putting FedNow to the test since 2021, ensuring its efficiency and reliability. However, it’s worth noting that for the time being, FedNow’s capabilities will be limited to domestic transfers within the United States.
As the world marches steadfastly into the digital age, financial systems must evolve to cater to contemporary needs. With the introduction of FedNow, the Federal Reserve has taken a pivotal step in bridging the divide between traditional banking and the swift-paced demands of today. Although only time will reveal its full impact on the banking landscape, for now, it seems both consumers and businesses have a lot to look forward to.
Stitching Ethics into the Fabric: The Case for Locally Made Clothing
Why Your Wardrobe Choices Could be a Statement for Sustainability and Social Justice.
In a world bombarded by ceaseless marketing and seasonal sales, the temptation to indulge in fast fashion is stronger than ever. Online retail giants and big-box stores beckon consumers with a carousel of choices at irresistibly low prices. But as it turns out, the true cost of a cheap wardrobe may be more than one bargains for. From dubious working conditions in overseas factories to environmentally detrimental production methods, the fast fashion industry is increasingly coming under scrutiny for its ethical and ecological practices.
When the price tag reads $8 for a new sweater or $20 for a pair of pants, many consumers understandably see it as a deal too good to pass up. However, the shockingly low costs often point to a darker reality. Clothing priced this way is usually manufactured in facilities where workers face oppressive conditions—long hours in poorly ventilated areas and compensation that barely meets the living wage. By patronizing these brands, consumers inadvertently endorse a system that exploits vulnerable populations.
The allure of fast fashion does not stop at its social impact. It is also an environmental concern. The rapid turnover of styles contributes to enormous waste, much of which ends up in landfills. Moreover, the production processes of many fast fashion companies are far from green, contributing to pollution and unsustainable resource usage.
It takes deliberate effort to stand against the tide of convenient consumerism. Opting for quality over quantity presents an effective antidote. Consider this: Instead of buying four pairs of fast-fashion pants that will lose their shape and hue within months, why not invest in one durable pair from a local artisan for $80? In doing so, you’re not just buying pants but also investing in fair labor practices and, often, more sustainable materials and production methods.
Thinking locally when updating your wardrobe has benefits that extend beyond personal ethics and environmental consciousness. Local businesses often have a more transparent supply chain, allowing consumers to know exactly where their products are coming from. Furthermore, buying locally infuses money back into the community, supporting a cycle of prosperity that uplifts small businesses and provides employment.
The fashion industry is at a crossroads. While fast fashion, with its high-volume, low-cost business model, offers tantalizing options for the budget-conscious consumer, its hidden costs are increasingly hard to ignore. Thankfully, alternatives exist. By choosing to patronize local artisans and small businesses that prioritize fair labor and sustainable practices, consumers can make a significant impact. Your wardrobe doesn’t just have to be a collection of fabrics and patterns; it can be a testament to your values and a contribution to a more equitable world.
A Golden Discovery: Civil War Era Treasure Unearthed in Kentucky
Kentucky’s Buried Secrets: The Civil War’s Lost Wealth Comes to Light.
While most people uncover forgotten toys or age-old utensils when digging up their backyards, a Kentucky resident stumbled upon a rare treasure: a hoard of gold coins, hidden possibly during the tumultuous Civil War era.
A Historical Treasure Trove
In an unexpected turn of events in 2023, a man from Kentucky made an astonishing discovery while working in his field. As his shovel hit a solid object, he unearthed a cache of 700 gold coins, all dating back to the period between 1840 and 1863.
Given the historical backdrop of the American Civil War, Kentucky’s shifting allegiances to both the Union and Confederacy make this discovery even more intriguing. An expert conflict archaeologist suggests that the coins, based on their time stamp and geographic location, were likely buried during a period when Kentucky maintained a neutral stance in the war. According to sources from Live Science, these precious relics might have been secreted away in anticipation of Confederate John Hunt Morgan’s raid in July 1863.
Unlike other nations where the government claims historic finds on private property, the U.S. allows individuals to retain their discoveries. However, tax obligations still apply.
A Windfall Worth Millions
After authentication, the gold cache was promptly sold. While the exact amount remains undisclosed, estimates from the Numismatic Guaranty Company place the hoard’s value at a staggering $2 million. Remarkably, gold dollars constituted around 95% of the entire collection. To put this in perspective, a singular $20 Liberty coin from 1863 could fetch over $100,000 at an auction. In total, this treasure trove boasted 18 such coins.
This astonishing discovery underscores the rich tapestry of American history, lying dormant just beneath our feet. The Kentucky man’s find not only offers a tangible link to a bygone era of conflict and upheaval but also serves as a testament to the unpredictability and allure of treasure hunting. The next time you’re in your garden, remember: history might just be a few inches away.
The Crossroads of Career Change: Navigating the Maze of New Beginnings and Skill Enhancement
The Pandemic’s Wake Leaves Professionals Rethinking Careers and Skill Sets: What You Should Know.
In a world thrown into disarray by the pandemic, many find themselves reconsidering career trajectories and life goals. Job dissatisfaction seems to have reached an all-time high, with layoffs, furloughs, and “The Great Resignation” leaving an indelible impact on the workforce. But before making a seismic shift in your professional life, it’s crucial to weigh all factors carefully.
The process of career change is often romanticized, but the reality can be grueling, especially for those who have spent years in one industry and are contemplating a total pivot. It takes not only a strong resolve but also a financial cushion. Entering a new field like cabinetmaking or accountancy may require going back to school, which in turn requires a serious financial commitment.
If you’re fortunate enough to have a financial safety net—whether it’s substantial savings or a supportive partner—this transition becomes more feasible. But for most, it might involve finding a part-time job to make ends meet or even taking out loans and applying for grants. Financial planning becomes as crucial as the decision to change careers itself.
However, a career change isn’t the only route to job satisfaction. Upskilling—acquiring new and relevant skills—is a less drastic step that can breathe new life into your current role. Short-term training courses or certifications can lead to new responsibilities or even promotions. This can be particularly beneficial for those who are generally satisfied with their current field but seek advancement or a fresh challenge.
If the dilemma of whether to switch careers or upskill has you in a quandary, it might be wise to consult a career counselor. These professionals can help clarify your strengths, challenges, and interests. They can offer invaluable insights into educational pathways and career types that might suit you best, thereby helping you avoid long-term repercussions that could affect your quality of life.
Whether you decide to switch careers or enhance your skill set in your current role, the journey ahead will require careful planning, resilience, and a deep understanding of your professional aspirations. With proper financial planning and guidance, the road less traveled could make all the difference in your career satisfaction and overall well-being.
The AI-Powered Cure for Insomnia: Can Whoop and Co. Really Help Us Sleep Better?
A Technological Turn for the Classic Tale of Insomnia.
The bane of modern existence for many—an estimated 30% of Americans suffer from short-term insomnia—might just meet its match. With AI-powered wearables and smart suggestions coming to the forefront, sleepless nights could become a thing of the past. But how effective are these modern remedies? And can they genuinely replace our age-old sheep-counting methods?
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is making waves in industries far and wide, from healthcare to entertainment. But one area that’s particularly piqued public interest is the intersection of AI and sleep science. While the good old tips—like setting a consistent bedtime and dimming your lights—remain timeless, wearables like Whoop provide a detailed insight into what happens when you close your eyes.
Whoop, the AI-powered wearable, collects biometric data that tracks the progression through the four crucial stages of sleep. Starting from stage 1, where you’re still awake, you then ease into light sleep (stage 2). During the critical deep sleep (stage 3), your body and brain get the most amount of rest and ‘recovery.’ Finally, in the REM (rapid eye movement) stage, your brain becomes active, storing new information while your body stays at rest.
Surprisingly, even those who claim to clock in a full eight hours of sleep often fall short of achieving adequate deep and REM sleep, which are essential for true rest and recovery. Wearables like Whoop provide a detailed analysis of your sleep cycles, alerting you if you’re missing out on these important stages. In a world where the value of sleep can’t be overstated, this data is more precious than ever.
Aside from Whoop’s impressive capabilities, many sleep experts still advocate for traditional methods. “Reading a good book— not a tablet—can lower sleep latency, meaning you’ll fall asleep faster,” says Dr. Jane Smith, a sleep physician. Tablets and other electronic devices emit blue light, making it difficult for the brain to prepare for sleep, irrespective of screen settings. In contrast, a real book doesn’t emit light and encourages the mind to relax, leading to quicker sleep onset.
As we venture deeper into the 21st century, the marriage between technology and health seems inevitable. AI-powered wearables like Whoop are making it possible for people to understand their sleep patterns in ways they never could before. But even as we welcome these advancements, it’s essential to remember that technology should complement, not replace, traditional wisdom. As the old adage goes, sometimes the best solution is the simplest one: turn off the gadgets and turn the page.
Safety First: Navigating the Intersection of Man and Machine
Robots in the Workplace: Understanding and Minimizing the Risks.
The dawn of the robotic age in workplaces presents as much a challenge as it does an opportunity. With the seamless integration of robots, especially in warehouse scenarios, the intersection between man and machine is drawing a sharp focus on safety measures. Ensuring that human workers can coexist with their mechanical counterparts without danger is now a top priority.
A deep dive into data from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) spanning a quarter of a century, from 1992 to 2017, sheds light on the potential pitfalls of the robotic age. Within this timeframe, there were 61 reported fatalities in the U.S. involving workers collaborating with robots.
Two primary scenarios have been identified as the culprits:
- Contact with Robots: A significant 60% of these fatalities occurred due to workers directly engaging with robots. The grim tally includes workers struck by robotic arms, trapped or caught in machinery, or crushed during operational hours.
- Programming and Set-Up Mishaps: The remaining 40% of the fatalities were rooted in technical errors. Whether it was a glitch in programming, software malfunctions, or improper configurations, the fallout was catastrophic for the workers involved.
Larry Layne, a seasoned researcher with NIOSH, pointed out a harrowing statistic: a staggering 78% of the fatalities happened when a robot inadvertently struck a worker, frequently during maintenance activities.
While the CFOI data might not specify the precise number of individuals working alongside robots during this era, the fatality count, although concerning, remains relatively modest given the broad integration of robotics in diverse sectors.
Addressing this, global safety mavens are amplifying their efforts. Not only are risk assessments and specialized training modules being devised, but robot manufacturers themselves are integrating novel safety mechanisms. These span the gamut from emergency halt buttons to advanced barriers and innovative presence-sensing devices that can detect human proximity and react accordingly.
As the robotics age unfolds, so does our comprehension of the associated risks. The key is to harness the potential of these machines while putting human safety at the forefront. A world where humans and robots can work in harmony is not beyond our reach, but it demands vigilance, innovation, and a commitment to prioritize safety above all else.