Winemaking is both a science and an art, with many factors influencing each vintage that gets produced. While advances in technology have impacted the practices used by some modern vintners, the principles of winemaking have largely remained unchanged.
How a particular wine tastes is hugely influenced by when the fruit gets picked. On many vineyards, grapes are tested for the appropriate balance of acidity and sweetness with devices that measure sugar levels. However, some growers still use a simple taste-test. When the grapes are determined to be ready, the harvest begins.
Grapes can be picked either by hand or with mechanical harvesters. While faster, the machines tend to be harder on the fruit, and many winemakers prefer to collect their harvest manually. In order to pick the fruit in its prime, a number of vineyards rely on volunteers.
Crushing and pressing
Once the grapes have been sorted to remove any rotten or under-ripe fruit, they’re crushed and pressed. This is no longer done with the winemaker’s feet, however. Nowadays, it’s almost always completed with mechanical crushers that press the grapes into must (juice from the grapes that includes the skin and pulp).
When making white wine, the must gets filtered prior to fermentation. But to make red wine, the must is left unfiltered so that it can acquire the ideal flavoring and coloring from the skin and pulp. Once the must is prepared, the winemakers leave it to ferment for up to a month. It’s then “racked” or filtered and transferred to another vessel to age.
Volunteering and visiting
Are you interested in experiencing crush season firsthand? If so, many small wineries need help picking grapes during the harvest. In return for a day’s efforts, they often provide a hearty meal and a glass of wine.
Even if you’re not interested in volunteering, you can still visit a vineyard during the crush. In fact, it’s such an important event that many wine-growing areas host festivals to celebrate.
Do you have what it takes to be an air traffic controller?
Air traffic controllers are typically responsible for monitoring and directing the movement of aircraft on the ground and in the air. This includes establishing flight plans and updating crews on weather conditions. If you’re fascinated by aviation and thrive in a fast-paced work environment, this might be the job for you.
Air traffic controllers have a number of responsibilities that have to be carried out under considerable pressure. You must be able to keep your cool in all circumstances, as people’s lives may depend on your decisions. You also need to be adept at working independently and as part of a team. Self-confidence, good judgment, an analytical mind, and a keen eye are required traits.
As an air traffic controller, you need to remain alert and be able to adapt rapidly to changing circumstances. It’s essential that you possess excellent communication and interpersonal skills as well as good vision and a willingness to work unconventional hours.
Access to the profession
In order to get a job as an air traffic controller, you must have patience and perseverance. The training program, which must be certified by the Federal Aviation Administration, is lengthy and arduous. However, once you have the necessary qualifications, there’s no shortage of positions available. And you’ll actively use the knowledge you acquired during your training for the entirety of your career.
4 reasons to take up taekwondo
Taekwondo is a Korean martial art that emphasizes kicking techniques. It was developed shortly after World War II and can be practiced by children and adults alike. Here are four reasons to take up taekwondo.
1. To improve physical fitness
Practicing this martial art provides a full-body workout. In order to deliver strong blows and hold your own against an opponent, you need muscular strength and cardiovascular endurance. Many of the kicks and hand attacks involve jumping or spinning and need to be executed with precision.
2. To enhance coordination
3. To boost self-esteem
Martial arts training teaches you how to overcome adversity and face challenges with confidence. As you progress in taekwondo, you’ll be rewarded with a series of belts that demonstrate your achievements.
4. To help relieve stress
Taekwondo requires concentration and discipline. To achieve this, you have to set aside personal and professional worries when you step onto the mat. This sport is a healthy outlet for stress and allows you to blow off steam.
If you’re looking for a fun way to stay active or you want to sign your child up for a new sport, consider taekwondo. Some studios even offer family classes.
5 reasons to learn Sign language
Do you want to communicate with more people or challenge yourself to develop a new skill? Here are five reasons to learn Sign language.
1. It facilitates interactions. If you learn Sign language, you can have in-depth discussions with people who are deaf. Communicating in Sign language is also an alternative to raising your voice when conversing with someone who has partial hearing loss.
2. It’s a beautiful language. American Sign Language uses a 26-sign alphabet and 19 hand shapes to communicate innumerable words and concepts. Facial expressions and body movements play a key role in the language’s grammar.
3. It makes you a better listener. Sign language requires you to focus your attention. You can’t turn away or multitask and still hold a conversation. This level of engagement shows respect and can strengthen relationships.
4. It’s a valuable learning experience. Picking up a new language improves cognitive function and memory. It also introduces you to another culture, and learning Sign language can raise your awareness of the challenges faced by people who are deaf.
5. It promotes child development. Research shows that teaching a toddler Sign language can speed up their speech development. Start with signs for common words like food, again, milk and sleep.
If you’re interested in learning Sign language, find out if there are courses offered in your area. Alternatively, you can find video tutorials and other resources online.
A short economics lesson
The start of a new school year is the perfect occasion to give your children a short lesson that will be a good investment in the local economy. Make the most of the back to school shopping blitz to raise your children’s awareness of the many benefits of shopping locally.
There’s only one condition for turning this intensive training into a resounding success: you just have to buy all school supplies and clothing items from businesses near you.
When shopping with your children at local stores for stationery, books, school bags, clothes, shoes, sporting equipment, and electronics, mention to your kids that when local people frequent these stores they are helping to create jobs and incomes for others in their town.
Bring to your children’s attention the fact that if these businesses remain profitable, one day they might be the source of a summer job or even, at a later date, a full-time job that will allow them to stay in the town they grew up in.
If your children have busy schedules, they’ll appreciate that shopping close to home will save lots of traveling time. If they’re keen environmentalists, make them aware of the fact that buying local helps to reduce greenhouse gases, not to mention all the money you’ll save on gas. Best of all, financial savings could trickle down to them in the form of pocket money. That will help them get the message!
Shopping for back to school supplies close to home is a great way to show your children the benefits of supporting local businesses.
10 signs it might be time to stop driving
The ability to drive provides autonomy and freedom. Unfortunately, there may come a point when it’s no longer safe for you to get behind the wheel. Here are 10 signs that it’s time to give up your license.
1. You feel nervous and insecure behind the wheel
2. You often get disoriented or lost while driving
3. You regularly bump into garbage cans or jump the curb
5. You have trouble staying in your lane
6. Your reaction time is slow, and you’ve had a few close calls
7. You’re easily distracted and run stop signs or red lights
8. You take medication with side effects that may impair your driving
9. You have reduced mobility that prevents you from checking your blind spots
10. You’re frequently honked at or gestured to by frustrated drivers
If some of this applies to you, it doesn’t necessarily mean you need to give up your license. Depending on your situation, it could be enough to avoid driving at night, in bad weather, or during rush hour. You might also benefit from having a passenger guide you when driving in an unfamiliar area.
However, if your loved ones refuse to get in the car with you, it’s likely a sign that your driving has become dangerous. For their safety and yours, as well as other drivers, ask your doctor to assess you before getting back on the road.
A brief guide to gym etiquette
If you work out at a gym, you’ll need to be mindful of other patrons. Here are six rules to follow when you’re at the gym.
1. Pay attention to how you smell
Avoid putting on cologne or perfume when you go to the gym as strong scents can easily overwhelm people with allergies. However, do make sure you wear clean gym clothes and effective deodorant.
2. Ask for help if you need it
3. Don’t drop weights
In addition to making a lot of noise and disrupting the surrounding people, dropping free weights, or letting a machine’s plates clank together, can damage the equipment.
4. Limit conversations
While you’re working out, avoid recounting your weekend or exchanging gossip. Help yourself and others stay focused by saving the socializing for later.
5. Clean and put away equipment
Avoid leaving weights, ropes, and other items lying around once you’ve finished using them. Remember to wipe down machine seats, handlebars, and any other surfaces you touch.
6. Leave space for others
If you’re taking a break or finished with a machine, step aside so someone else can use it. Be courteous and share the equipment.
If you follow these rules, you’ll help make the gym a welcoming environment for everyone.